To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

Republic of Korea


  General Description   Jeju Island is situated in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and covers a lava plateau with a shield volcano at an elevation of 1,950 meters above sea level. The biosphere reserve is located at the center of the island, comprising in its core area Mt. Halla National Park, two stream corridors and three islets. A diversity of ecosystems are represented in the biosphere reserve, e.g. montane coniferous forest, temperate deciduous hardwood forest, warm-temperate evergreen hardwood forest and temperate grasslands. The three uninhabited islets are of great importance from a biodiversity point of view and also comprise coral communities. In the surrounding buffer zone of the islets, fishing and submarine tours take place. The buffer zone and transition area also include afforestation areas, agricultural fields, pasture land and residential areas. Human land use is increasing from the center of the island to the coast.
About 7,500 people within the Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve live mostly in the transition area (2002) and make their living from tourism, cattle-ranches and agriculture. The high biological diversity, unique volcanic topography and the culture of Jeju Island attract many tourists. Sustainable tourism development will be one of the main challenges for the biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Sub-tropical and temperate rainforests
  Major habitats & land cover types   Alpine coniferous forest dominated by Abies koreana and with Betula ermanii var. saitoana, Taxus cuspidata etc.; temperate deciduous hardwood forest dominated by Mongolia oak (Quercus mongolica) and with Acer pseudosieboldianum, Carpinus laxiflora etc.; temperate deciduous hardwood forest dominated by Carpinus laxiflora and with Acer pseudosieboldianum, Daphniphyllum macropodum etc.; temperate deciduous hardwood forest dominated by Quercus serrata and with Carpinus laxiflora, C. tschonoskii, Styrax japonica etc.; warm temperate evergreen hardwood forest (streamside vegetation) including Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii; warm temperate evergreen hardwood forest (island vegetation) with Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii, Camellia japonica, Daphniphyllum glaucescens etc; agricultural land; residential areas
  Location   3321'29''N; 12631'53''E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   83,094
  Core area(s)   15,158 ha (of which marine: 32 ha)
  Buffer zone(s)   14,601 ha (of which marine: 871 ha)
  Transition area(s) when given   53,335 ha (of which marine: 1,420 ha)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -74 to +1,950
  Year designated   2002
  Administrative authorities   Jeju Provincial Government reporting to the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, the Cultural Properties Administration and the Forest Service
  Brief description   Geology and topography
Survey on natural resources of Mt. Halla National Park
Meteorological observations to investigate climatological characteristics of the alpine zone in Mt. Halla
Studies on the propagation of rare plants and restoration of natural growth areas
Ecosystem studies
Survey on plant distribution of the sub-alpine zone
Survey on wild animals
Database establishment on biological resources
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Jeju Provincial Government
Box 312-2, Yeon-dong
690-700 Jeju City - Jeju Province
Republic of Korea
  Telephone   (82.64) 710 2631
  Fax   (82.64) 710 2631

Last updated: 13/12/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO