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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Barbu Ion
  General Description   Mount Pietrosul Mare is the biggest mountain complex in the Rodna Massif which is situated to the north of the Eastern Carpathians. This biosphere reserve is very important from a biodiversity conservation perspective. Habitats are extremely diverse due to high elevation changes (900 to 2,300 meters above sea level). They include beech (Fagus sp.), spruce (Picea sp.) and pine (Pinus sp.) mountain forest ecosystems as well as alpine meadows with many endemic and endangered species.
The area is not inhabited. Rural villages in the surrounding area depend on agriculture, livestock raising, hunting and forestry. Due to traditional farming, the ancient landscape is still maintained today.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Beech (Fagus sylvatica), spruce (Picea abies) and arolla pine (Pinus cembra) forests; alpine and subalpine pasture with Carex curvula, Festuca airoides and shrublands of Rhododendron kotsckyi; arcto-alpine habitats with species such as Cerastium alpinum, Silene acaulis, Atragene alpina etc.; circumpolar habitats with Woodsia ilvensis, Diphasus alpinum, Salix herbacea etc.; central European alpine habitats characteristic of the Rodna Massif with dwarf pine (Pinus mugo), green alder (Alnus viridis), Salix retusa, Callianthemum coriandrifolium etc.; lakes of glaciar origin
  Location   4740'N; 2300'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   46,399
  Core area(s)   8,200
  Buffer zone(s)   11,800
  Transition area(s) when given   24,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +900 to +2,303
  Year designated   1980
  Administrative authorities   Forest Directorate, Maramures Country
  Brief description   Hydro-methodological monitoring
Phytosociology, phytotoxicity
Flora and fauna surveys
Ecology of beech forests and alpine pasture
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, monitoring/methodologies, toxicology/toxic substances.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, fauna, flora, forest systems, mountain and highland systems, phytosociology/succession, temperate grassland.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    Forest Research Institute Division of Campulung
Principala Street, No. 1455, Rodna Locality
427 245 Bistrita-Nasaud County
  Telephone   (40.26) 337 7715
  Fax   (40.26) 337 7181
  Web site

Last updated: 19/02/2010

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