To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve is located in one of the remotest parts of the Russian Far East on the Kamchatka Peninsula, which divides the Sea of Okhotsk from the Pacific Ocean. The area represents some of the most pristine parts of the Kamchatka Peninsula and a remarkable set of volcanoes of volcanoes, some of which are still active, hot springs and geysers. The biosphere reserve covers 1,142,000 hectares with an elevation change from 0 to 3,528 meters above sea level. Vegetation changes with elevation from tundra to temperate broad-leaved forest and coastal areas.
The area has been inscribed on the World Heritage List because of its beauty. The biosphere reserve in not inhabited, however there is some extensive use by small numbers of indigenous Itelmeni and Eveni. Before the establishment of the state nature reserve, the whole area was used for hunting of ungulates and fur-bearing animals. These activities were stopped and today, tourism is increasingly important as an economic factor.
  Major ecosystem type   Boreal needleleaf forests or woodlands with coastal marine component
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tundra; marine coastal areas with wet and dry tundras, thickets of grasses such as Calamagrostis and of meadowsweet Filipendula forests with parkland type Russian rock birch (Betula ermanii) dominated by tall herbaceous vegetation; river valleys with willow (Salix sp.), alder (Alnus sp.) and Mongolian poplar (Populus sp.); alder (Alnus sp.) and Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) elfin woodland with mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia), honeysuckle (Lonicera sp.) and alder understory; grove of relict fir (Abies sp.); volcanic tundras; geysers; hot springs
  Location   5409' to 5507'N; 15938' to 16207'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,142,134
  Core area(s)   Zonation under revision
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +3,528
  Year designated   1984
  Administrative authorities   National Russian Federal Committee for the Protection of the Environment
  Brief description   Ecology of ungulates and large predators
Ecology and ethology of Kamchatka brown bear
Nesting Stellar sea eagle population monitoring
Needleleaf forests research in mountain and volcanic areas of Eastern
Kamchatka (relict fir grove and larch forests)
Impact of volcanic activity on vegetation
Geyser monitoring
Volcanogenic ore deposition
Annual ecological monitoring
Protection of the only wild population of Rangifer tarandus
Rehabilitation of Martes zibellina
Protection of the largest population of Ursus arctos
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Birds, boreal forest, conservation, ecology, ethology, mammals, methodologies, mountain and highland systems, population genetics/population dynamics, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Natural hazards.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   V.V. Komarov
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve
48 Ryabikova street, Elisovo Town
684010 Kamchatskaya Oblast
Russian Federation

Last updated: 13/12/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO