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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   This biosphere reserve is situated approximately 240 km south of the city Pechora on the western slopes of the Northern Ural Mountains. Covering 1,310,622 hectares, the site represents the West Eurasian Taiga with habitats of virgin coniferous forests and, at higher altitudes, subalpine scrub woodlands, meadows, tundra and bear rock areas. The biosphere reserve comprises important winter feeding sites of elk and reindeer as well as spawning, growth and fattening ground of salmon (Salmo salar).
Some 130 people live on a permanent basis in the area (1998) who are either rangers or trade hunters, fishers and tree loggers. The settlement of Yaksha is located close the core area (1,500 inhabitants in 1998). A logging company and the forestry service are the main employers of the inhabitants. Reindeer breeding, hunting, fishing and gathering of berries and mushrooms is traditionally carried out within the biosphere reserve. Tourism plays only a minor role in local economic activities with some 700 national and 20 to 40 foreign visitors a year (1998).
  Major ecosystem type   Boreal needleleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Dry and waterlogged coniferous forests with Pinus sylvestris; firry forests including Picea obovata with Abies sibirica and Siberian pine-trees (Pinus sibirica); larch forests (Larix sibirica) on northern hillsides; Sphagnum and grassy backwaters; firry forests including Abies sibirica with Picea obovata and birches (Betula pubescens) on hillsides; subalpine park forests with birches (Betula pubescens); bushfields with Salix sp. and Prunus padus; mountain tundra dominated by Carex sp., Eriophorum sp. and Vaccinium sp.
  Location   Mountain unit: 6158' to 6316'N; 5747' to 5939'E
Plain unit: 6143' to 6153'N; 5652' to 5707'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,253,753
  Core area(s)   721,322
  Buffer zone(s)   500,000
  Transition area(s) when given   32,431
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +118.3 to +1,195.4
  Year designated   1984
  Administrative authorities   Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation
  Brief description   Hydrology and climate monitoring
Biodiversity evaluation
Population research on fishes, birds, and mammals
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, fishes, mammals, population genetics/population dynamics.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   K. O. Megalinsky
Pechoro-Ilychsky Biosphere Reserve
Troitsko-Pechorskiy district, Settelement Yaksha, 8, Lanina str.
169436 Komi Republic
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.821-38) 95091
  Fax   (7.821-38) 95091

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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