To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   Chernyje Zemli Biosphere Reserve or ‘Black Land’ is situated in the Precaspian lowland and includes Manych Gudilo Lake which is also designated as Ramsar wetland. The lake is an important breeding site for a number of colonial shorebirds, such as Pelecanus crispus, Anser erythropus, Branta ruficollis and Oxyura leucocephala, all listed as globally threatened in the IUCN Red Data Book. Most of the lakeshores are used as pastures or contain some fishponds. Within the grassland area, the conservation of the Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is of special importance since its habitats have been largely destroyed with development activities in the surrounding semi-deserts and deserts.
About 1,400 people live within the biosphere reserve (1992) who are making their living from cattle breeding and irrigation agriculture cultivating crops, vegetables and melons. Constant long-term monitoring of the steppe ecosystem now provides information on the rehabilitation of the transformed vegetation cover within the biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate grasslands / cold winter deserts and semideserts; salt lake
  Major habitats & land cover types   Chernyje Zemli unit: Desert with steppe features including feather grasses such as Stipa pennata, S.tirsa, hairy feather grass (S. capillata), and lessings feather grass (S. lessingiana) along with other steppe plants such as Festuca valesiaca and cord-rooted sedge (Carex humilis); sand desert with sagebrush or wormwood (Artemisia sp., A pauciflora and A. austriaca); agroecosystems with barley and wheat

Oz Manych-Guilo lake unit: Salt lake with Potamogeton pectinatus and Ruppia sp.
  Location   Main unit - Chernyje Zemli: 46°05'N; 42°20'E
Branch unit - Oz Manych-Guilo lake: 45°42'N; 42°50'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   532,901
  Core area(s)   121,901 - 94,301 - 27,600
  Buffer zone(s)   201,000 - 156,000 - 45,000
  Transition area(s) when given   210,000 - 210,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -14 to -9
  Year designated   1993
  Administrative authorities   Director of Chernyje Zemli Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology
  Brief description   Soil and water studies
Inventories of flora and fauna
Biological surveys
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Biology, fauna, flora, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   V. S. Badmaev
Chernozemelskiy District, Settlement Komsomolsky, 31, Nekrasov str.
359240 Kalmykia Republic
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.847-43) 914 53

Last updated: 01/03/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO