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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Russian Federation

UBSUNORSKAYA KOTLOVINA

 
       
  General Description   This is a cluster biosphere reserve consisting of five distinct units, covering a total of 284,300 hectares next to the Mongolian border. It has similar ecological characteristics to the Uvs Nuur Basin Biosphere Reserve in Mongolia but without the large lake: wetlands, large sand massifs, scattered dry steppe, rocky mountains, high altitude forests, tundra and alpine meadows. The climate is continental. As in Mongolia, local communities (about 3,000 people in the biosphere reserve in 1997) are essentially nomadic and live from cattle breeding.
The biosphere reserve contains one of the study sites of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme for global change research. Discussions are underway to create a single transboundary biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tundra with Kobresia bellardii, Betula nana, Ledum palustre etc.; dry steppes; mountain forests with Pinus sylvestris, Betula pubescens, Populus laurifolia etc.; bare rocks; glaciers; deserts
  Location   4945' to 5029'N; 9423' to 9535'E (unit 1)
5032' to 5055'N; 9409' to 9446'E (unit 2)
5018' to 5036'N; 9220' to 9520'E (unit 3)
4820'N; 9119' to 9141'E (unit 4)
5050' to 5110'N; 9441' to 9449'E (unit 5)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   284,300
  Core area(s)   55,800
  Buffer zone(s)   228,500
  Transition area(s) when given   Undefined area around each unit of cluster
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +700 to +4,096
  Year designated   1997
  Administrative authorities   Director of Ubsunorskaya Kotlovina Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology
 
  Brief description   One of IGBP (International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme) study sites for global change research.
Studies on soil, geology, geomorphology and land-use.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Geology, geomorphology, global change, soil.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Land use/Land cover.
 
  Contact address   V. I. Kanzai
Ubsunorskaya Kotlovina Biosphere Reserve
144a Kalinina street, Kyzyl city
667000 Rep of Tuva
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7-39422) 53 818
  Fax   (7-39422) 53 818
  E-mail   ubsunur@tuva.ru
 
 
   


Last updated: 12/13/2007

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