|Biosphere Reserve Information|
This biosphere reserve is located in the north-west of the Smolensk region and is interesting for its diversity of different glacial landscapes on a quite small territory. Apart from end moraines, long sandy ridges and glacial lowlands there are also 35 picturesque lakes of glacial origin. Other habitats comprise bogs, marshes, and virgin coniferous and broad-leaved forests.
About 5,700 people live within the biosphere reserve boundaries (2001). Their main economic activities are the cultivation of potatoes and cereals, livestock raising (cows, sheep, pigs and poultry) and gardening. Tourism is also a major economic factor in the transition area with at least 15,000 tourists annually (2000). Hunting and fishing are important traditional types of land use.
Smolensk Lakeland Biosphere Reserve aims to become a model area in the region for reconciling nature conservation and socio-economic development on a scientifically sound basis. The living standards of the local population might increase in the future through the rational use of resources, improved land uses including traditional types of resource utilization, the further development of ecotourism and the revival of traditional handicraft industry.
|Major ecosystem type|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Pine forest characterized Pinus sylvestris L., Betula pendula Roth., Calluna vulgaris (L) Hill; spruce forest with Picea abies (L.) Karst., Pinus sylvestris L., Populus tremula L., Betula pubescens Ehrh. etc.; spruce - broadleaf forest with Picea abies (L.) Karst, Quercus robur L., Tilia cordata Mill., Frangula alnus Mill. etc.; oak forest characterized by Quercus robur L., Tilia cordata Mill., Fraxinus excelsior L. etc.; small-leaved forest with : Betula pendula Roth., Betula pubescens Ehrh., Populus tremula L. etc.; agricultural lands; lakes and rivers with Elodea canadensis Mihx., Myosotis palustris (L.), L.Cynosurus cristatus L ., Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv.|
|Location||55°21' to 55°46'N; 31°29' to 32°18'E|
|Transition area(s) when given||44,438.1|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+167 to +248.5|
|Administrative authorities||Sergey M. Volkov, reporting to the Department of nature reserves of the Russian Federation on State Committee for environmental protection; Administration of the National Park 'Smolensk Lakeland'|
Mapping of the BR territory
Complex monitoring of lakes and rivers
Important animal species monitoring
Study of insects species
Geo-botanical researches, mapping
Study of mosses and lichen species
Three complex ecological monitoring places (since 1997)
19 routes for winter account of mammals (since 1992)
Historical and archaeological research: study of toponymy of the BR
Study of local communities for tourism activity development
National Park 'Smolensk Lakeland'
Damidovskiy District, Settlement Przhevalskoe, 19, Gurevich Str.
216270 Smolenskaya Region
|Last updated: 01/03/2007|