|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Great Volzhsko-Kamsky Biosphere Reserve consists of four units - Raifa Forest, Sarali Land between Rivers, Spassky Insular Archipelago and Sviyazhsky Wetland Area. Each unit has core area, buffer zone and transition area. All units are located in close vicinity to rivers Volga and Kama.
The territory of the Biosphere Reserve is distinguished for its high biodiversity. The diversity of various biotopes, good feeding and protective conditions are the reasons of high productivity of plant and animal populations. 900 species of higher plants, 58 species of mammals, 114 species of nesting birds, 13 species of amphibians and reptiles, 49 species of fish and around 2800 species of invertebrates were registered on the territory of the Biosphere Reserve units. Among them there are 80 vertebrate species, 30 plant species, 7 mushroom species which are endangered for the region; 3 plant species, 2 mushroom species, 9 vertebrate and invertebrate species are listed in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation.
The territory of Biosphere Reserve units is the mixture of areas, used by wild nature, agrocoenoses, intensive forestry, recreation, traditional forms of nature management, meaning that this is the suitable polygon to work out the model of complex nature management. The availability of high professionals and developed infrastructure gives the good perspectives for the realization of approaches for the sustainable development of the region.
People of many nationalities live on the territory of the Biosphere Reserve. Majority of them are Russians and Tatars. Mari, Chuvash, Bashkirs are also present. There are two main religious groups Christians and Moslems
|Major ecosystem type||Forests, forest-step, water-reservoir|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Natural communities of coniferous, mixed, broadleaved forests, meadow steppes, herbaceous and sphagnum swamps, meadows and lakes, islands, shallow lands, coastal habitats.|
Raifa Forest 55° 52' 55° 57 N; 48° 41 48° 52 E';
Sarali Land between Rivers 55° 15' 55° 23' N; 49° 12' 49° 27' E;
Spassky Insular Archipelago 54° 59' 55° 09' N; 49° 00' 49° 30' E;
Sviyazhsky Wetland Area 55° 30' 55° 48' N; 48° 23' 48° 50' E.
|Transition area(s) when given||92048|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||Raifa Forest 133-64 m; Sarali Land between Rivers 144-53 m; Spassky Insular Archipelago 120-53 m; Sviyazhsky Wetland Area 220-53 m.|
|Administrative authorities||Coordinative Board, formed of the heads of interested parties|
Scientific researches and ecological monitoring conducted on the territory of all clusters of Biosphere Reserve for many years (more than 50). Research is made in collaboration with scientists from Kazan state university, Academy of science of Tatarstan Republic, foreign colleagues.
|Abiotic||Abiotic factors, air quality, erosion, geomorphology, groundwater, hydrology, meteorology, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, toxicology/toxic substances.|
|Biodiversity||Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, autoecology/synecology, benthos, biodiversity, biology, birds, boreal forest, community studies/communities, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ethology, fauna, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, home gardens, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, lichens, mammals, migrating populations/migration, phenology, plankton, plants, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, temperate forest, temperate grassland, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Archaeology/Paleontology, cultural aspects, demography, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, hunting, indicators of sustainability, people-nature relations/man/nature, recreation, tourism.|
|Integrated monitoring||Biogeochemistry, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, infrastructure, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, planning and zoning measures/zonation, remote sensing, sustainable development/sustainable use, watershed studies/monitoring.|
Volzhsko-Kamsky Biosphere Reserve
Zelenodolsky dstr., p/o Raifa, pos. Sadovy, Vekhov str., 1.
|Last updated: 30/06/2010|