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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   The Rostovsky Biosphere Reserve is situated within the boundaries of the Kuma-Manych Depression (Kumo-Manychskaya Vpadina) and the spurs of the Salo-Manych Ridge The territory of the reserve stretches from west to east on the northern slope of the right bank of the Manych valley on the first and second terraces above the flood-plain in the Kuma-Manych Depression. The Northern part of the reserve occupies the branches of the Salo-Manych Ridge. Terraces above the flood-plain are partially destroyed and only the second terrace is clearly seen. It is 7 km wide and is dissected by numerous gullies. Its height varies between 15 and 35 metres above the floor of the valley. The first terrace is 3-6 metres high above the floor of the valley.The nearest highest elevation is the top point of the Salo-Manych Ridge 131 meters above sea level situated 12 km to the North-West of the planned reserve.
The core area consists of 4 clusters with typical and unique natural complexes and occupies 9464.8 ha or 5.4% of the reserve area: the Insular cluster (4591 ha) includes the Vodny (South) Island, the Gorely Island and the adjacent water area in the north-western end of the lake Manych-Gudilo as well as 10 ha of lake shore opposite to the eastern end of Vodny Island; the Starikovsky cluster (Orlovsky district, 2182.5 h?); the Krasnopartizansky cluster (Remontnensky district, 1768 h?); the Tsagan-Khag cluster ( Remontnensky district, 990 ha).
The buffer zone: 42.7% of the entire territory of the reserve: protected zone of the Rostovsky nature reserve 74,350 ha. It surrounds two clusters of the nature reserve in Orlovsky district.
The transition zone: 60% of the entire territory of the reserve agricultural and other lands within the boundaries of Orlovsky and Remontnensky districts in the Rostov region about 100,000 ha
Human population:
Core Area: none/ none
Buffer Zone: 645 /none
Transition Area: 483 /none
In the Core Area there is no permanent or seasonal population. Total number of people permanently living in the territory of the Buffer Zone and the Transition Area is 645 and 483 correspondingly. The Buffer Zone and the Transition Area have one community settlement each. Average population density permanently living in the territory of the Buffer Zone and the Transition Area is 6.8 people/km2. The permanent population is traditionally involved in farming (crop farming and cattle breeding). The nearest major cities are the regional capital Rostov-on-Don and the capital of Kalmykia Elista.
  Major ecosystem type   A) unique ecosystems of moderately dry and dry sheep fescue and feather grass steppes that function as zonal steppes of Eurasia, having standard dark chestnut soils, preserving characteristic plant communities with gene pool of rare and endangered species.
B) unique hydrographic system of the planned reserve that includes the biggest lake in Europe Lake Manych-Gudilo that has the status of the Ramsar Convention Wetlands of International Importance, large number of medium and small lakes, permanent and seasonal rivers.
C) saline soils and salt-marches: habitats for endangered species of birds.
  Major habitats & land cover types   1. Sheep fescue and feather grass steppe.
2. Saline soils and salt-marshes.
3. Water and near water biotopes.
4. Protective forests and reclamation works systems (field-protective forest belts and erosion-preventive woodland).
  Location   46 16' 46 57' N;
42? 42' 43? 50' E.
  Area (hectares)    
  Core area(s)   9464.9
  Buffer zone(s)   74 350
  Transition area(s) when given   100 000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)  
  Year designated   2008
  Administrative authorities   Federal Service for Supervision of Nature Resources of the Ministry of Nature Resources of the Russian Federation.
  Brief description   Abiotic research and monitoring:
- Biotic research and monitoring:
Stationary observations of species composition, numbers, biology of fauna and flora objects and their complexes. Many years of observations and collected material serve to evaluate the state of ecosystem components in the reserve and dynamics of processes going on in them. The protected area of the nature reserve sees research work in estimation of anthropogenic activity impact on natural complexes with preparation of recommendations for their preservation and restoration. Comprehensive botanical and zoological research regarding penetration and existence of a wide range of invasive species of plants and animals alien to landscapes of dry steppes and their impact on ecosystems of the reserve and its protected zone.
Socio-economic research:
Monitoring of monuments of architecture.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air quality, air temperature, climate, contaminants, geology, geomorphology, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil.
  Biodiversity   Beach/soft bottom, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, home gardens, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, lichens, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, natural medicinal products, natural resources, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, archaeology/paleontology, bioprospecting, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, firewood cutting/harvesting, forestry, human health, hunting, indicators, indigenous people, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, land use/land cover, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, watershed studies/monitoring.

Last updated: 14/01/2010

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