|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The proposed biosphere reserve Altaiskyi is located on the area of the North-Eastern and Eastern Altai and occupies eastern part of the Teletskoye Lake basin. Plateaus and alpine ridges of the Chulyshmansky highland occupy the greater part of its territory. Average absolute altitude of mountains here makes 1900m., and the maximum point - 3148m. The ranges Torot (up to 1615 m.) and Korbu (2058m.) are located on the northern part of the reserve. Along eastern borders of the reserve ridges Abakansky (max. point - 2841m) and Shapshalsky (max. point - 3507m) are located. To southern boarder of the reserve east spurs of the Chikhacheva ridge (3053m) join.
The core area consists of area of the state nature reserve «Altaisky”, which includes 52% of the Teletkoye Lake’s water surface.
The buffer zone: from the southern side a role of the buffer zone is fulfilled by neighbouring reserves: a conjunction of to the eastern border of the core area parts of the neighbouring reserves (“The Lykov’s zaimka” – a cluster of the Khakassky reserve (Khakassia Republic), “Khara-Hol” – a cluster of the biosphere reserve “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina” (Tyva Republic). As well at the southern part there is a conjunction with the core area of the biosphere reserve “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina” (Tyva Republic).
Core Area: 265 / 20000
Buffer Zone: 640 / 25000
Transition Area: 13900 / 120000 (tourists during the period: May – September)
There are 2 villages in the core area: the villages of Yailu and Bele. At the present time 234 inhabitants live in the village of Yailu, 31 inhabitants – in the village of Bele. The part of the population of the village Yailu is united into the territorial community of the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the Tubalars. The Public Councils were created in villages of Yailu and Bele by the reserve initiative. In the planned biosphere reserve the village of Yailu will be included into the transition (cooperation) area.
On the border of the buffer zone there is 1 village - Biyka with the population of 640 people.
Within the transition area there are 54 rural settlements: Artybash, Yogach, Novo-Troitsk, Chuya (Turochakskyi district), Balukcha, Kok-Pash, Koo, Yazula, Ulagan (Ulaganskyi district) and others. Density of the population living on the area of the transition area is less than 0,9 inhabitant per 1km². The total number of the population permanently living on the transition area is 13900 people. Ethical composition of the population: the Russians make 73, 3%, Altaians - 20,9%, Ukrainians - 1,3 % , Kazakhs - 0,1 %, other ethnic group - 4,4 %. Among the Altai people there are small ethnic minorities of the Tubalars, Chelkans, Telengits, Kumandins are found.
Permanently living in the transition area population lead agricultural economies (farming, cattle-breeding), seasonal hunting, fishing, picking of berries, nuts, herbs etc. Besides of it, majority of population take part in green (rural) tourism development.
The core area consists of area of the state nature reserve «Altaisky”, which includes 52% of the Teletskoye Lake’s water surface.
The buffer zone: from the southern side a role of the buffer zone is fulfilled by neighbouring reserves: a conjunction of to the eastern border of the core area parts of the neighbouring reserves (“The Lykov’s zaimka” – a cluster of the Khakassky reserve (Khakassia Republic), “Khara-Hol” – a cluster of the biosphere reserve “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina” (Tyva Republic). As well from the southern part there is a conjunction of the core area of the biosphere reserve “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina” (Tyva Republic).
1. Agreement on interaction and cooperation with the Khakassky state nature reserve dated May 18, 2007.
2. Agreement on interaction and cooperation with the state nature biosphere reserve “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina” dated May 18, 2007.
The buffer zones of the Altaisky reserve in the Altai Republic are located in the northern, western and south-western borders around the core area of the reserve. Cluster parts of the buffer zone: 5km zone along of the Chelushman cluster part, divided by the transition area in some parts. So, there are the following clusters: Nothern, Teletsky and Chelushmansky.
The transition area is located in area of 2 administrative districts: Turochaksky and Ulagansky.
|Major ecosystem type||
?) Mountain- taiga forests, which occupies significant part of the reserve and not having analogues in taiga zone of Siberia. Forest landscapes are very various: dark-coniferous - taiga cedar-silver tree with fir-tree, aspen-silver-tree tall-grass, along the valleys of the rivers- pine- taiga landscapes.
B) Ecosystems of the river valleys, conserving characteristic plant complexes with gene-pool of rear and disappearing species.
C) Hydrographic system of reserve including one of the biggest lake of Eurasia – Teletskoye (has the status of World Nature Heritage UNESCO), big amount of middle and little lakes, permanent and temporal rivers.
|Major habitats & land cover types||
1. Mountain taiga forests/low highland meadows/arid meadows (434-500m. above sea level).
2. Mountain taiga forests / low highland meadows / Light-coniferous birch-pine forests and birch-larch forests (434 – 900 m. above sea level).
3. Mountain taiga forests / low highland meadows / black birch-cedar-fir-tree forests with aspens (434 – 1200m. above sea level).
4. Mountain taiga forests / middle highlands/ cedar-larch forests (1200 – 1700 m. above sea level). Tree-bush natural and artificial complexes.
5. Mountain taiga forests /dark-coniferous - taiga low hill /cedar- silver-fir tree, silver-fir -cedar, fir-silver-fir tree - cedar, cedar-larch, fir- cedar larch forests, and also silver-fir-cedar, cedar and cedar-larch forests along the rocks (900 – 1800 m. above sea level).
6. Highlands and high-mountain/ subalpine and alpine meadows, and also silver-fir-cedar, cedar and cedar-larch forests along the meadow slopes (1600 – 2500m. above sea level).
7. Tundra desert (2000 – 2200 m. above sea level).
8. High mountain tundra (1600 – 2100m. above sea level).
9. High mountain herbaceous tundra (2200 – 3504 m. above sea level).
10. Teletskoye Lake(protected water surface).
11. Teletskoye Lake coasts.
12. Lakes (900 – 2500 m. above sea level).
13. Lake coasts (900 – 2500 m. above sea level).
14. Rivers (434 – 2500 m. above sea level).
15. River coasts (434 – 2500 m. above sea level).
Center North East South West
latitude 51º59' 51º57'05,8´´ 50º28´42,1´´ 50º 16'14,2´´ 51º43'11,2´´
longitude 88º42' 87º58'13,8´´ 89º51´47,3´´ 89º 21'21,6´´ 86 º59'55,7´´
|Transition area(s) when given||1688198|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)|
|Administrative authorities||Ministry for Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation.|
Abiotic research and monitoring:
- construction of meteorological station and holding of environmental monitoring and environment state monitoring;
- complex researches including hydrological, hydro chemical and hydro biological observations characteristic of water subjects of the reserve with use of modern analytical equipment of a programme “Assessment of impact of littoral biocoenosis on functioning of the Teletskoye Lake ecosystem: water regime, nature protecting monitoring, bio-resources”.
Biotic research and monitoring:
- researches of population biology, phenology and regular registration of number dynamics of invertebrate and vertebrate animals;
- checking state of population of rare plant and animal complexes and objects in the area of the whole reserve;
- checking dynamics succession of ecological complexes;
- socio-economic researches.
Monitoring hold on the base of standard methods in a form of standard researches by the reserve’s scientific department and expedition inspections on contract base with other scientific research organizations.
|Abiotic||Abiotic factors, air quality, air temperature, climate, contaminants, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, meteorology, pollution, pollutants, soil.|
|Biodiversity||Amphibians, beach/soft bottom, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, boreal forest, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, home gardens, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, pests/diseases, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, tundra/taïga, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Agriculture/Production systems, archaeology/paleontology, bioprospecting, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, firewood cutting/harvesting, forestry, human health, hunting, indicators, indicators of sustainability, indigenous people, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.|
|Integrated monitoring||Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, land use/land cover, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, watershed studies/monitoring.|
Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation
123812, B. Gruzinskaya str., 4/6
|Last updated: 12/10/2009|