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      Biosphere Reserve Information

El Salvador


  General Description   The Xiriualtique-Jiquilisco Biosphere Reserve is located on the coast of El Salvador. Its core areas retain the most important expanse of mangroves in the country. Besides protecting remaining natural ecosystems of high ecological significance, such as broadleaf evergreen forests and mixed broadleaf semi-caducifolios forests, representative of the Jucuarán mountain chain, the largest and least fragmented in the country. Natural ecosystems represented in the core areas of this Biosphere Reserve, retain a diversity of priority species for conservation (eg Ateles geofrogii), nesting sites of four species of sea turtles (three vulnerable and one endangered of extinction), and contains a sector that has been reported as the only nesting site of Rinchops niger. Significantly, the territory proposed as the Xiriualtique - Jiquilisco Biosphere Reserve was declared the third Ramsar site in El Salvador in 2005.

From the perspective of sustainable development and community participation, it is an ideal space for the development of lessons and experiences related to the participatory management of natural resources and ecosystem restoration, based on strengthening alliances, and productive experiences of sustainable conservation and recovery of natural ecosystems that are conserved there.
  Major ecosystem type   Pacific Dry Mesoamerican Mangroves
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mangrove Forests broadleaved semi-caducifolios, evergreen broadleaved forests.
  Location   13º 15’ - 13º 18’ Latitude N and 88º 48’ - 88º 15’ Longitude W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   101,607
  Core area(s)   36,144
  Buffer zone(s)   48,257
  Transition area(s) when given   17,206
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 – 800 m
  Year designated   2007
  Administrative authorities   Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN)
  Brief description  
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.

Last updated: 12/08/2009

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