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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This site lies in the Province of Extremadura and is characterized by sclerophyllic Mediterranean forests and “Dehesas”, that is a landscape modelled by human impacts through cattle raising and production of cork from cork oak trees. The landscape of the biosphere reserve is very representative of Mediterranean agrosylvopastoralist system, with a very rich biodiversity although it has been strongly modified. Thousands of visitors come every year to this site in order to see traditional uses of natural resources and to “preserve and rediscover” nature. Many research activities are being done in this site, particularly concerning the protection of the royal eagle (Aquila adalberti) and the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardina). Eight core areas have been identified in the biosphere reserve, corresponding to restricted use, full protection and “no-use” areas of the Monfrague National Park, established in 1979. Around 3,200 persons are living permanently in the transition area of the biosphere reserve. The site is managed by the General Direction for Environment of the Junta of Extremadura. Most research is done by the University of Seville with a focus on geology, hydrology and climatic studies. A population survey to update data, in particular regarding rural activities, is being conducted (2004).
  Major ecosystem type   Mediterranean sclerophyllous wooldlands/scrubs and mesomediterranean mountains
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mediterranean rocky and dry areas with cistus (Cistus ladanifer), iberian oak-trees (Quercus rotundifolia and Quercus coccifera).
Mediterranean perennial and sclerophyllous forest.
Mediterranean heathers “matorrales”, with stony and calcareous precipices.
Calcicole xero-thermophilous beech woods.
Riparian forest with ash-tree forest (Fraxinus angustifolia).
Re-forested areas with exotic species like eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), and pine (Pinus pinaster).
Grasslands and pasture-grounds.
Rural areas and villages.
  Location   N 39°57’54’’ – 36°37’58’’
W 05°35’18’’ - 06°19’51’’
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   116,160
  Core area(s)   12,830
  Buffer zone(s)   15,360
  Transition area(s) when given   87,970
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   218-870
  Year designated   2003
  Administrative authorities   Dirección General de Medio Ambiente de la Consejería de Agricultura y Medio Ambiente de la Junta de Extremadura
  Brief description   Geology, geomorphology and topography studies (inventory of geological formations, tectonic mapping, etc).
Climate monitoring and meteorology (rainfall and air temperature)
Water quality and identification of contaminants.
Protection of the royal eagle (Aquila adalberti) and the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardina)
Vertebrates studies: inventory and biology of bird species (migration, alimentation, etc).
Flora inventory.
Employment and demographic survey.
Studies on history, folklore and traditional customs.
Capacity building
Management issues of the Monfrague Natural Park.
Water management issues within the hydrographic basin.
Rural and agricultural systems.
Forestry sector and economic development.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Angel Rodríguez
Director del Parque Natural de Monfragüe
Edificio Servicios Múltiples, 7° planta
10071 Cáceres
  Telephone   (34.927) 00 12 02
  Fax   (34.927) 00 10 86
  Contact address   Pedro Muñoz Barco
Jefe de Servicio, Director General de Medio Ambiente
Avenida Portugal, s/n
06800 Merida
  Telephone   (34.924) 00 20 72
  Fax   (34.924) 00 20 37

Last updated: 27/02/2007

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