|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The boundary of this biosphere reserve runs along the State border between Slovenia and Italy. It is an area of alpine mountains and karst plateaux, with an alpine climate characterised by cold winters and short summers, although the valleys opening towards the Mediterranean region to the south have milder climatic conditions.
The biosphere reserve consists of the Triglav National Park and the surrounding region. In the core area and the buffer zone, there are 25 settlements with some 2000 inhabitants. The transition area comes under three main municipalities (Kobarid, Bled, Bohinj) and has 33,700 permanent inhabitants.
The fundamental role of the biosphere reserve is to reconcile the protection of the rich biological values and landscape diversity with sustainable uses (agriculture, forestry, dairy farming, fishing, water management, cheese production, tourism).
The development role is implemented with local communities, associations and clubs. Possibilities include: new jobs for local inhabitants, organic farming, sustainable forms of tourism, production and processing of typical foods and crafts, establishing local associations to carry out programmes in forestry, wood processing, transport, tourism, special crafts and organic farming.
|Major ecosystem type||Alpine mountains and foothills|
|Major habitats & land cover types||This is an area of high mountains, alpine grasslands, forests, high plateaux with grasslands and mountain lakes, steep valley slopes, glacier valleys, wild water canyons, valley heads and agricultural land (meadows and fields) in preserved cultural landscapes. There are also urban landscapes.|
|Location||46º 9' - 46º 30' N; 13º 27' - 14º 11' E|
|Core area(s)||55,332 (central area of Triglav National Park)|
|Buffer zone(s)||28,475 (peripheral zone of Triglav National Park)|
|Transition area(s) when given||111,723|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||170 to 2864 (Triglav summit)|
|Administrative authorities||Management through an agreement between the authorities of Triglav National Park and the surrounding municipalities.|
Considerable research and monitoring on the geology, and underground geomorphological and hydrological features (caves and pits). Monitoring of Triglav glacier since 1946.
|Abiotic||Air quality, groundwater, hydrology.|
|Biodiversity||Biodiversity, fauna, pests/diseases, rare/endangered/threatened species, temperate forest, vegetation studies/plant cover.|
|Socio-economic||Agriculture/Production systems, cultural aspects, demography.|
|Integrated monitoring||Environmental change, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, rural systems.|
Triglavski narodni park (Triglav National Park)
|Telephone||(386-4) 5780 200|
|Fax||(386-4) 5780 201|
|Last updated: 02/05/2005|