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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

United States of America

DENALI

 
       
  General Description   Denali Biosphere Reserve and National Park is situated in south-central Alaska centered on the Alaska Range which separates the coastal lowland from the interior. Denali comprises Mount McKinley, the highest peak in North America towering 4,800 meters above the surrounding landscape as well as Denali fault system, the largest crustal break in North America.
Warm dry south-facing slopes adjacent to rivers have white spruce (Picea glauca) with paper birch (Betula papyrifera), balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) and quaking aspen (P. tremuloides) and a ground cover of ericaceous shrubs and mosses. North-facing permafrost-underlain slopes and lowlands have black spruce (P. mariana) with paper birch, white spruce, tamarack (Larix laricina) and ericaceous shrubs, mosses, sedges and grasses. Moist foothill tundra comprises cottongrass (Eriophorum sp.) with dwarf shrubs, green alder (Alnus crispa) and dwarf birch (Betula nana). Drier tundra has mats of mountain avens (Dryas spp.), grasses and sedges. Above the alpine tundra, rock, snow and ice dominate.
Mammal species in the area include wolf (Canis lupus), grizzly bear (Ursus arctos), Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis), Alaska moose (Alces alces), barrenground caribou (Rangifer tarandus), and beavers (Castor canadensis).
There are some subsistence and sport hunting, trapping and mining activities within the biosphere reserve. Research projects in the area include the ecology of large mammals, raptor biology, vegetation mapping, human recreational impact on resources, geology and archaeology and several continuous monitoring programmes.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate needle-leaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   6320'N, 15030'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   782,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +122 to +6,194
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Denali National Park and Preserve National Park Service
 
  Brief description   Large mammal ecology
Vegetation ecology
Air and water quality
Geology and soils
Archaeology
Subsistence use
Socio-economic studies
Cultural resource studies
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Air quality, geology, hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, mammals, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Archaeology/Paleontology, cultural aspects, resource use, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
 
  Contact address   Gordon Olson
Denali National Park
Denali Park - Box 9
99755 Alaska
United States of America
  Telephone   (1.907) 683 2294
  Fax   (1.907) 683 9639
  E-mail   gordon_olson@nps.gov
  Web site   www.nps.gov/dena/
 
  Contact address   Stephen P. Martin
Denali National Park
Denali Park - Box 9
99755 Alaska
United States of America
  Telephone   (1.907) 683 2294
  Fax   (1.907) 683 9639
  E-mail  
  Web site   www.nps.gov/dena/
 
 
   


Last updated: 2/21/2001

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