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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Venezuela

DELTA DEL ORINOCO

 
       
  General Description   The Delta del Orinoco Biosphere Reserve (DOBR) was created by Decree NΊ 1.633 of 05-06-1991 (Official Gazette NΊ 34.812 of 3-10-1991) and encompass 1.125.000 ha including the protected areas, the buffer and transition areas, which represents circa 31% of Delta Amacuro State total surface. A great biological diversity characterizes the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of the Delta del Orinoco. These ecosystems comprise a variable vegetation with more than 2.000 plants and a very rich terrestrial and aquatic fauna integrated for more than 151 mammals species, 464 bird species, 76 reptiles, 39 amphibians and 210 ichthyology species. Considerable amounts of terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates inhabit this territory.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical ombrophilos swamp forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Main type of habitat: Swamp forest, Wetlands and marshes, Mangrove forest, Swamp Grasslands, Swamp shrubs, Swamp palms and Swamp scrubs.
  Location   P-1 61Ί 30’ 28’’, 09Ί 48’ 56’’
P-2 61Ί 26’ 46’’ 09Ί 42’ 56’’
P-3 61Ί 25’ 52’’ 09Ί 42’ 56’’
P-4 61Ί 13’ 16’’ 09Ί 36’ 16’’
P-5 60Ί 57’ 16’’ 09Ί 31’ 24’’
P-6 60Ί 55’ 52’’ 09Ί 29’ 08’’
P-7 60Ί 48’ 00’’ 09Ί 20’ 20’’
P-8 60Ί 45’ 44’’ 09Ί 16’ 44’’
P-9 60Ί 40’ 52’’ 09Ί 08’ 48’’
P-10 60Ί 37’ 00’’ 08Ί 57’ 04’’
P-11 60Ί 34’ 52’’ 08Ί 37’ 20’’
P-12 60Ί 59’ 32’’ 08Ί 38’ 40’’
P-13 61Ί 11’ 32’’ 08Ί 40’ 00’’
P-13A 61Ί 06’20’’ 08Ί 48’ 00’
P-14 08Ί 52’ 52’’ 61Ί 06’ 08’’
P-15 08Ί 55’ 28’’ 61Ί 09’ 12’’
P-16 08Ί 56’ 44’’ 61Ί 12’ 48’’
P-17 09Ί 00’ 16’’ 61Ί 16’ 44’’
P-18 09Ί 04’ 12’’ 61Ί26’ 56’’
P-19 09Ί 09’ 40’’ 61Ί 31’ 36’’
P-20 09Ί 10’ 24’’ 61Ί36’ 20’’
P-21 09Ί 13’12’’ 61Ί 42’ 52’’
P-22 09Ί 14’12’’ 61Ί 46’ 36’’
P-23 09Ί 31’ 44’’ 61Ί 36’ 04’’
P-24 09Ί 48’ 48’’ 61Ί34’ 36’’
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   8,778
  Core area(s)   159.800
  Buffer zone(s)   184.600
  Transition area(s) when given   534.100
  Altitude (metres above sea level)  
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   Ministry of Popular Power for the Environment
 
  Brief description   There is no other zoning different to the one proposed to the Man and the Biosphere UNESCO Program. The reserve adopted the structure formed by zones: Nucleus Zone, Buffer Zone and Terrestrial Transition.

Since 2005, a program for daily monitoring of resources has been set up in the indigenous communities of the DOBR, encompassing six main areas: register of fishing products, register of agricultural-vegetal products, register of forestall products, register of capture and wildlife hunting, register of breeding animals and register of craftsmanship.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Soil.
  Biodiversity   Biogeography, endemic species, fauna, fishes, flora, mammals, natural medicinal products, reptiles.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
 
  Contact address   Jesϊs Manzanilla
Ministerio de Ambiente

 Caracas
Venezuela
  Telephone  
  Fax  
  E-mail   jmanzanilla@minamb.gob.ve
 
  n.a.


Last updated: 1/12/2011

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