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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Dem.Republic of the Congo


  General Description   Located in the south-west of the Democratic Republic of Congo and about 120 km east of the Atlantic coast, Luki Biosphere Reserve represents the humid tropical rain-forest ecosystem. In former times, this area was reserved in order to protect its natural resources for colonial interests. In an altitude between 150 and 500 meters above sea level, many different habitats can be distinguished such as primary forests with Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum, Gilletiodendron kisantuense or Terminalia superba, secondary forests with Terminalia superba, woody and herbaceous savanna as well as agroecosystems and agroforestry systems. The plant resources of the area are used for both commercial purposes (e.g. palm oil, coffee, and cacao) and traditional nutrition (banana, taro, manioc, rice, corn, etc.).
About 7,100 people live within the biosphere reserve and some 64,200 nearby (2002). The main economic activity is agriculture and agroforestry. However, the biosphere reserve faces problems due to illegal forest exploitation (e.g. for fuel wood and house construction), carbonisation, hunting and fishing. There is a great need for a plant and animal inventory of the biosphere reserve since many species disappear without being noticed. A guide to the sustainable development of the biosphere reserve’s fauna has been developed recently (2002).
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical humid forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Primary forest with Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum; primary forest with Gilletiodendron kisantuense; primary forest with Terminalia superba; secondary forests with Terminalia superba; woody and herbaceous savanna; agroecosystems; agroforestry systems
  Location   05°30' to 05°45'S; 13°07' to 13°15'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   32,968
  Core area(s)   6,816
  Buffer zone(s)   5,216
  Transition area(s) when given   20,936
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +160 to +350
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Président du Comité National MAB/CONGO Ministère de l’Environnement, Conservation de la Nature, Pêche et Forêts
  Brief description   Research on the ecological effects and impacts of human
activities on humid tropical and subtropical ecosystems
Research of agro-forestry practices
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Tropical humid forest.
  Socio-economic   Agroforestry.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact.
  Contact address   Kimpese Mindanda
Chef de projet/Terrain

Dem.Republic of the Congo
  Telephone   (243) 998 31 82 70

Last updated: 24/10/2007

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