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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve is situated in southwestern Ethiopia. The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes. The biosphere reserve includes Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot and Important Bird Areas of international significance and one of the last remaining montane rainforest fragments with wild Coffea arabica populations in the world. The area is also of cultural and historical significance since it possesses many archaeological sites, ritual sites, caves and waterfalls. The proposed biosphere reserve is zoned into core areas, butter zone and transitional areas. The core areas are found at the centre and surrounded by buffer zone and transition area, respectively. Both the core areas and buffer zone are considered as one of the Regional Forest Priority Areas (or Forest Conservation Area) and Forest Coffee conservation Site. The transition area is found adjacent to the buffer zone and it is composed of agricultural land, wetland, grassland, settlement area and fragments of forest land. All the management units (core, buffer, transition) in the proposed biosphere reserve are contiguous; but there are five core areas. About 154, 300 permanent residents live in the biosphere reserve and mainly rely on agriculture. The designation as a biosphere reserve is expected to enhance ecologically sound and traditional agriculture, to foster ecotourism and to create new jobs in small businesses such as coffee, bee-keeping, spices and horticulture activities. Within the biosphere reserve framework, local communities are familiarized with the wise use of natural resources and sustainable development techniques, and the implementation of conservation projects. Currently, two projects funded by the German Federal Agency for Conservation and German Federal Ministry of Education and Research are being implemented in the proposed biosphere reserve: Conservation and use of the wild populations of Coffea arabica in the montane rainforests of Ethiopia and Public awareness and environmental education project.
  Major ecosystem type   Montane rainforest ecosystem
  Major habitats & land cover types   Forests, wetlands and running water, agricultural lands, grazing lands, and built-up areas
  Location   8O 0 42 to 8 O 44 23N and 35O 20 31 to 36 O 18 20E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   167
  Core area(s)   27,733
  Buffer zone(s)   21, 552
  Transition area(s) when given   117,736
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   1,100 - 2,337
  Year designated   2010
  Administrative authorities   Oromiya National Regional State, Oromiya Forestry and Wildlife Enterprise, Illubabor Branch, Illubabor Zone Land and Environmental Protection, Six Districts Administration, Oromiya Bureau of Land and Environmental Protection, Oromiya Forestry and Wildlife Enterprise, Oromiya Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development and Ministry of Science and Technology.
  Brief description   Monitoring- is conducted by various organizations over the past decades. Being a state forest, the Forestry/ Natural Resources Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Oromiya Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development were in charge of monitoring the area. Activities cover the change detection over time, and forest conditions assessment. The Geba-Dogi Forest Coffee Conservation Project has been active in monitoring most parts of the proposed core area. For the last two years, the Oromiya Forestry and Wildlife Enterprise - Illubabor Branch is responsible for monitoring as well as the development of the forest area. The Ethiopian Coffee Forest Forum, through continuous research, is also playing an important role in monitoring.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, drought, global change, habitat, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, biodiversity, birds, breeding/reproduction, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, flora, forest systems, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, mammals, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, plants, pollination, population genetics/population dynamics, rare/endangered/threatened species, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, tropical grassland and savanna systems, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, capacity building, economic studies, economically important species, forestry, indicators, indicators of sustainability, livelihood measures, local participation, monitoring methodologies, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, recreation, resource use, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Tadesse Woldemariam Gole
P. O. Box 28513
 Addis Ababa
  Web site

Last updated: 18/06/2010

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