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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Poland / Slovakia


  General Description   The Tatra Mountains are the highest mountains in the long Carpathian range that stretches from Slovakia into Romania, via Poland, Ukraine and Hungary. The territory of the biosphere reserve covers two national parks on each side of the political boundary between Poland and Slovakia. Within this transboundary biosphere reserve, a variety of natural features are represented, such as karst topography in dolomites and limestone, canyons and waterfalls, a dwarf pine belt, alpine meadows, lakes and rocky peaks.
On the Polish side, tourism plays a major economic role with over 3 million visitors in 1999, each paying an entrance fee to the national park. The larger Slovak part of the biosphere reserve is also very frequented by visitors (3-4 million per year), however visitors pay no entrance fee. Main employment is provided in the tourism sector, but also in forest management. The Tatras Chamois Rescue Project was set up in order to stabilize the endangered chamois population, supported by monitoring, research and education activities. With the creation of the transboundary biosphere reserve it is hoped that tourism development will be balanced with the maintenance of the Tatra ecosystem.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Poland: Mixed beech (Fagus sylvatica) forest with fir (Abies alba) and sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus); acidophilous spruce and spruce-fir forest with Picea abies, Abies alba, Pinus cembra and Larix decidua at climatic timber line (between 1500-1550 m asl); dwarf pine zone (1,550-1,850 m asl) with dwarf pine (Pinus mugo), Sorbus aucuparia and Betula carpatica; alpine zone with Juncus trifidus, Oreochloa disticha, Festuca supina etc.; subnival zone with Oreochloa disticha, Gentiana frigida, Silene acaulis etc.

Slovakia: Coniferous forest with marked altitudinal zonality with Picea abies, Pinus cembra, Larix decidua, Acer pseudoplatanus etc.; subalpine krummholz with Pinus mugo, Ribes petraeum, Betula carpatica etc.; alpine tundra on granite substratum with Oreochloa disticha, Juncus trifidus, Festuca supina, and on limestone substratum with Carex tatrorum, C. firma and Sesleria tatrae; subnival region with Salix herbacea, Minuartia sedoides etc.; peatbogs with Pinus mugo, Oxycoccus microcarpus, Drosera rotundifolia etc.; snow patches with Salix herbacea, Luzula alpino-pilosa and Ligusticum mutellina
  Location   49°04' to 49°19'N; 19°34' to 20°21'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   123,566
  Core area(s)   56,992 (Poland: 7,548; Slovakia: 49,444)
  Buffer zone(s)   30,012 (Poland: 6,371; Slovakia: 23,641)
  Transition area(s) when given   36,562 (Poland: 3,987; Slovakia: 32,575)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   Poland: +750 to +2,499 Slovakia: +700 to +2,655
  Year designated   1992
  Administrative authorities   Poland: Tatra National Park, Ministry of Nature Protection, Natural resources and Forestry Slovakia: Tatry National Park Administration. It reports to Ministry of the Environment through the Headquarters of the State Nature Conservancy
  Brief description   Ecological research on flora, fauna, geology, and geomorphology (Poland)
Biological inventories (Slovakia)
Ecological monitoring (Slovakia)
Climate change (Slovakia)
Water quality in the Tatry mountain ponds (Slovakia)
Acidification of waters (Slovakia)
Long distance pollution (Slovakia)
GIS application in ecosystem management (Slovakia)
"MONTAN " local monitoring system targeted at monitoring of abiotic factors as well as biodiversity (Slovakia)
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
Nursery for high-mountains plant species has been established which supports recovery programs for those species (Slovakia)
Recovery program for Aquila chrysaetos population (Slovakia)
Recovery project for Rupicapra rupicapra tatrika, local endemit
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, climate, geology, geomorphology, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, ecology, endemic species, fauna, flora, methodologies, plants, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Geographic Information System/GIS, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   W. Gasienica Byrcyn
Tatrzanski Park Narodowy
Chatubinskiego 42A
34-500 Zakopane
  Telephone   (48.1820) 632 03
  Fax   (48.1820) 635 79
  Web site
  Contact address   Tomás Vancura
Tatry National Park, Biosphere Reserve
P.O.Box 21
059 41 Tatranská Strba 75
  Telephone   (421.52) 4782 002
  Fax   (421.52) 4484 217

Last updated: 26/02/2007

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