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      Biosphere Reserve Information

United Republic of Tanzania


  General Description   East Usambara is part of the Eastern Arc Mountain Range which is considered one of the biodiversity hot spots in the world. The biosphere reserve, which covers an area of about 83,600 hectares, consists of sub-montane rain forest and lowland wooded grassland. It is characterized by high concentrations of endemic flora (including many medicinal plants) and is the home of thirteen endangered bird species.
The transition area of the biosphere reserve includes commercial forest plantations as well as sisal and tea plantations. Small-scale farming and cattle breeding are also important economic activities of the approximately 155,000 people in the area (1999). The biosphere reserve aims at promoting ecotourism as an alternative or additional source of income for local populations and establishing local village forest reserves. The biosphere reserve includes the Amani Nature Reserve and the Amani Botanical Garden, which are the sites of extensive biodiversity research and monitoring.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical submontane rainforest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tropical evergreen forest characterized by Cephalosphaera usambarensis, Allanblankia shuhlmanii, Albizia gummifera, Beilschmiedia kweo etc.; savanna woodland including Afzelia spp., Albizia spp., Combretum spp., Stereospermum kunthianum, Annona spp. etc.; tea and sisal cultivations; agroecosystems; agroforestry; grazing areas; urban areas
  Location   445' to 515'S; 3833' to 3851'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   90,000
  Core area(s)   30,000
  Buffer zone(s)   12,000
  Transition area(s) when given   48,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +300 to +1,502
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Conservator, Forest and Beekeeping Division, Ministry of Natural Resources & Tourism; Regional Natural Resources Office, District Natural Resources Office
  Brief description   Tropical trees and shrubs
Phenological studies of important trees
Saint Paulia monitoring
Base line biodiversity survey
Ecological monitoring
Monitoring of birds
Participatory rural appraisal
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, ecology, flora, methodologies, phenology, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species.
  Socio-economic   Local participation.
  Integrated monitoring   Rural systems.
  Contact address    
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve
P.O. Box 1449
United Republic of Tanzania
  Telephone   (255.053) 46907
(255.053) 43820 or 43453
  Fax   (255.053) 43820

Last updated: 20/04/2005

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