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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Zimbabwe

MIDDLE ZAMBEZI

 
       
  General Description   The Zambezi valley is part of Region 54 of the African Terrestrial Ecoregions. It consists of Riverine, and terrestrial ecosystems unique to the subcontinent. Among threatened species found in the valley are the black Rhino (Diceros bicornis), the painted wild dog, Lycaon pictus and the Nyala (Tragelaphus angasii). The flora consist of Colophospermum/Combretum/Terminalia woodland and the Zambezi riparian forest. At Mana Pools, it comprises the only flood plain ecosystem left in the Middle Zambezi.

The total human population is about 40600, with the major population in the urban area in the proposed reserve and the CAMPFIRE buffer zones. The core zones have only Parks staff, while the safari areas contain at any time, less than 50 people, comprising mainly sport hunters and their hosts.

Land management units comprise the two core areas and 11 buffer zone areas. While the land tenure status in the core and buffer zone areas is stable, that in the transition zone is currently volatile, posing accountability issues with respect to environmental management
  Major ecosystem type   The Zambezi valley is part of Region 54 of the African Ecoregions. It consists of riverine, and terrestrial ecosystems, unique to the subcontinent, as well as the largest man made reservoir
  Major habitats & land cover types   Dry savannah deciduous Brachystegia woodland. Regional/Local
Colophospermum mopane woodland Regional/Local
Tropical lotic and lentic aquatic habitats; aquatic ecoregion 69: Local
  Location   Central 16o0952S, 29o2026E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   2,879,300
  Core area(s)   360 400
  Buffer zone(s)   2 219 000
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   1200m 300m
  Year designated   2010
  Administrative authorities   Parks and Wildlife Management Authority.
 
  Brief description   Ecological research on ecosystem and community interaction.
Impacts of global warming on aquatic ecosystems
Social studies on resettled peoples coping mechanisms to their environment
Abiotic research on hydrology, geology an climatology

The core areas are for non consumptive use (recreational, research)
Buffer zones are for regulated use of the natural resources, mainly safari hunting
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, contaminants, drought, erosion, geology, global change, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, modelling, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, toxicology/toxic substances.
  Biodiversity   Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, arid/semi-arid, benthos, biodiversity, biology, biotechnology, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, ethology, evapotranspiration, evolutionary studies/palaeoecology/evolution, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plankton, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, taxonomy, tropical dry forest, tropical grassland and savanna systems, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
 
  n.a.


Last updated: 18/06/2010

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