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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Algerian El Kala Biosphere Reserve borders to the Mediterranean Sea. It includes a mosaic of ecosystems, mainly evergreen sclerophyllous forests, lakes, mountains, woodlands or scrubs, coastal and marine ecosystems. The area is known for its rich biodiversity. Many species are endemic or threatened.
El Kala has 87,000 inhabitants and some 30,000 annual tourists (2001). International tourism does not exist, however ecotourism might turn out to be a great opportunity for the region. Main concerns of the area are the increasing urbanization and water consumption and the extension of agriculture and infrastructure. Public education and awareness programmes such as guided tours are aimed at both schools and the public at large. An eco-museum, a mini-zoo and several bird watching towers attract people to visit the biosphere reserve. Research is done, for example on waterbirds, dragonflies, forests and aquatic vegetation.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub including coastal/marine systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Littoral (dunes) habitats with Malcolmia parviflora, Ophrys pallida, Euphorbia dendroides,Odontites lutea etc.; marine habitats with Posidonia oceanica; lacustre habitats with Nymphaea alba, Nuphar luteum, Trapa natans and Marsilea diffusa; highland habitats with Quercus suber, Q. faginea, Laurus nobilis, Platanthera bifolia, Ilex aquifolium etc.
  Location   36°55' to 36°90'N; 08°16' to 08°43'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   76,438
  Core area(s)   18,514
  Buffer zone(s)   56,133
  Transition area(s) when given   1,791
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -5 to +1,200
  Year designated   1990
  Administrative authorities   Parc National d'El Kala
  Brief description   Waterbirds and their habitats
Dragonflies and their habitats
Forest and aquatic vegetation of the El Kala National Park
Forest fire
Inventory of historic sites; mushrooms, medicinal plants
Water resources
Socio-economic studies
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Habitat.
  Biodiversity   Birds, fires/fire ecology, forest systems, fungi, invertebrates/insects/spiders, natural medicinal products, natural resources, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Social/Socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   T. Berchiche
Commission Nationale Algérienne pour l'UNESCO
14 Avenue Mahmoud Boudjatit, Kouba
  Telephone   (213) 21 23 28 05
  Fax   (213) 21 23 28 62
  Web site

Last updated: 10/09/2001

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