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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Algeria

DJURDJURA


© Photo: Kamal Akkouche
 
       
  General Description   This biosphere reserve is situated in the Djurdjura Mountains (800 to 2,300 meters above sea level) at the Mediterranean coast in north-east Algeria and is exposed to both Mediterranean and more continental climate in the south. Depending on exposition and elevation, habitats are Mediterranean evergreen, deciduous and coniferous forests as well as alpine meadows. Because of the big climatic and topographic differences, the area is very rich in species diversity hosting a number of endemic species. For instance, the M'Zaris Forest is the only habitat of the striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena). The relict species black pine (Pinus nigra) has been studied for its natural regeneration potential.
The 6,000 inhabitants in area (1996) are primarily of Berber origin with closely-knit mountain communities having preserved traditional societal codes of conduct and ethics. The biosphere reserve seeks to show how a balanced and rational use of natural resources by agriculture, pasturalism, forestry and tourism can go in line with conservation. Socio-economic studies have been carried out on these topics with a view to assessing local people’s needs. Mass tourism is rejected in order to promote tourism reflecting the local cultural heritage, for example in its architectural style.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, scrubs or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mediterranean evergreen forests with oak (Quercus ilex, Q. suber); Mediterranean deciduous forests with Acer obtusatum, A. monspessulanum, A. campestre, Prunus avium etc.; Mediterranean coniferous forests with Cedrus atlantica, Pinus nigra, P. halepensis and Taxus baccata; mountainous grasslands characterized by Rumex acetosella, Scrophularia laevigata, Ononis aragonensis etc.
  Location   36°32'02'' to 36°25'42''N; 03°57'23'' to 04°19'43''E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   35,660
  Core area(s)   12,800
  Buffer zone(s)   15,410
  Transition area(s) when given   7,450
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +800 to +2,308
  Year designated   1997
  Administrative authorities   Parc National du Djurdjura
 
  Brief description   Water quality
Erosion
Flora/Fauna
Socio-economic studies on tourism, agriculture, pastoralism and cottage industries
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Erosion, hydrology.
  Biodiversity   Fauna, flora.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, cottage industry/artisanal industry, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
 
  Contact address    
Direction du Parc National du Djurdjura
BP 249
10000 BOUIRA
Algeria
  Telephone   (213.3) 93 49 82
  Fax   (213.3) 93 05 19
  E-mail   balaoua@yahoo.fr
 
 
   


Last updated: 08/03/2002

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