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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Unnamed Biosphere Reserve is located in the central desert biogeographical region of Australia and includes part of the Great Victoria Desert. It is one of the least altered landscapes in the region and consists of a semi-desert dune system, which comprises low dunes up to 20 metres high up and up to 100 km long with clay pans, and saline areas in lakebeds. It is covered with open woodlands and scrublands of mallee, marble gum, mulga and black oak, with spinifex or a varied shrub and grassland understorey with Triodia spp., Eucalyptus goniocarpa, E. oleosa, and E. transcontinentalis. The majority of the Biosphere Reserve is identified as a core area managed by the Department of Environment and Heritage and Maralinga Tjarutja organization. Surrounding the core area, Aboriginal lands from Oak Valley, Tjuntjuntjara, Wataru and Yulata communities provide buffer zones. Some 200 people live within the Biosphere Reserve (2002), mainly engaged in hunting and foraging activities. Aboriginal communities hunt kangaroos and reptiles and some plants are used for traditional foods. More than 328 tourists (2002) visit the Biosphere Reserve between May and November for nature study. The main goal is to develop networking with other Biosphere Reserves and develop research and monitoring activities.
  Major ecosystem type   Warm deserts and semideserts
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   2805' to 3011'S; 12900' to 13100'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   2,132,600
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +150 to +495
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Department of Environment & Heritage South Australia
  Brief description   Fire history
Genetic resource management
Rare/endangered species
Wildlife population dynamics
Cultural anthropology
Traditional land use
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Fires/fire ecology, genetic resources, population genetics/population dynamics, rare/endangered/threatened species, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Anthropological studies/Anthropology, cultural aspects, recreation, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Land use/Land cover, management issues.
  Contact address   Ross Allen (alt. Joe Tilley)
Far West Region
P.O. Box 22
5690 Port Lincoln - South Australia
  Telephone   (61.8) 8688 3111
  Fax   (61.8) 86883110

Last updated: 14/03/2005

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