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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Wilson Promontory Biosphere Reserve is located in the State of Victoria, south east Australia. It comprises a granite massif with prominent peaks, outcrops and headlands flanked by extensive swamps, dune deposits and beaches. Fifteen granite islands are also included. There are a great variety of open-forests (Eucalyptus spp.), heathlands, closed forest (Acmena smithii), coastal scrub and dune vegetation. More than 740 native vascular plant species have been recorded and more than 100 of these are regarded as either rare or threatened. Diverse and abundant mammal fauna (almost 296 species) including the rare swamp antechinus (Antechinus minimus), rat kangaroo (Potorous tridactylus), and new holland mouse ( Pseudomys novaehollandiae) as well as the unique insular population of bushrat (Rattus fuscipes assimilis) and large breeding populations of short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris) and the little blue Penguin (Eudyptula minor) are reported. Wilson’s Promontory has an early history of Aboriginal occupation dating back at least 6,500 years. The reserve is highly significant to local Aborigines both culturally and spiritually. Local communities are active in establishing cultural and spiritual links with the Biosphere Reserve and in undertaking site based monitoring. More than 400,000 tourists (2003) visit annually for camping, fishing, boating, and research and monitoring. Numerous studies on flora, fauna, geology, geomorphology, archaeology, and history are taking place.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, scrubs, or woodlands; coastal areas; mangrove
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mixtures of wet and dry Eucalyptus forests; scrublands; rocky heathlands; cool temperate rainforest with Nothofagus cunninghamii and Atherosperma moschatum; warm temperate rainforest with Acmena smithii; coastal heath and scrub; swamp areas with Malaleuca thickets; mangroves with Avicennia marina
  Location   39°00' to 38°70'S; 146°25' to 146°50'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   49,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +770
  Year designated   1981
  Administrative authorities   Parks Victoria reporting to the State Government of Victoria
  Brief description   Rare or threatened species monitoring and research programs
Rabbit Calici virus
Vegetation communities and structural change
Grassland communities and grazing impacts
Marine ecosystems, classification and biodiversity programs
Ecological use of fire as a management tool
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
Through Parks Victoria, this biosphere reserve is part of an
Environmental Information System (EIS) using scientifically recognised methodologies. GIS methodology is also used
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, ecology, fires/fire ecology, mammals, methodologies, pests/diseases, rare/endangered/threatened species, temperate grassland, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Livestock and related impacts/Overgrazing.
  Integrated monitoring   Geographic Information System/GIS, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Jim Whelan
Wilson's Promontory National Park
Parks Office
3960 Tidal River - VIC
  Telephone   (61.03) 568 09531
  Fax   (61.03) 5680 9516

Last updated: 14/03/2005

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