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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Pilón - Lajas Biosphere Reserve is located on the far eastern spur of the Andes. It comprises mixed mountain and highland systems, low hills and Amazonian plains, covered with tropical humid forests, sub-tropical and tropical forest, forests in ancient alluvial terraces, and mountain and valley forests. Some 70 mammal species have been reported including tapir (Tapirus terrestris), ring-tailed coati (Nasua nasua), spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus), and jaguar (Panthera onca), and 338 species of birds (from the genus Ara, Aratinga, Pyrrhura, Brotegris). Over 160,000 inhabitants live in the Pilón-Lajas region of which 12,000 are Mosetenes, Tacanas and Chimane indigenous people groups who live in settlements inside the Biosphere Reserve, near the rivers and in colonization areas. Mixed populations work in agriculture (rice monoculture), mining, cattle grazing and timber and mostly live in urban centres. Forest timber and unproductive agricultural systems give poor returns and the land is often turned into pasture, a process which threatens sustainable cultures and practices of the indigenous people. The main management goals are to guarantee territorial rights to indigenous people (Chimane and Mosetén) and promote their participation in the decision making processes in order to implement sustainable practices of natural resources.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems; Tropical humid forests
  Major habitats & land cover types   Sub-tropical and tropical forest; mountain and valley forests
  Location   15°00'S to 67°20'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   400,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +280 to +2,000
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Parque Nacional Pilón-Lajas Ministerio de Desarollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente
  Brief description   Basic diagnostics (socio-economics and biology)
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biology.
  Socio-economic   Social/Socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    Por contratar
Calle Germán Bush Esq. Campero s/n
  Telephone   (591) 389 22 245
  Fax   (591) 389 22 245
  E-mail   Pilón-Lajas contact
  Web site

Last updated: 27/03/2011

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