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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Pantanal Biosphere Reserve comprises the States of Mato Grosso, Matto Grosso do Sul and a small portion of Goiás State. It covers the headwaters of the rivers that make up the Pantanal, one of the world’s most extensive wetland complexes, internationally known for its large bird, mammal, reptile, fish, insect and amphibian populations. It encompasses both highlands and lowlands, from the large lakes on the border with Bolivia, flood plains, grasslands and highland cerrado in the ‘Chapada dos Guimarães’, ‘Serra de Santa Bárbara’ and ‘Urucum’ mountains, with summits of 1,000 metres above sea level. Other notable ecosystems within the Biosphere Reserve are the seasonally flooded cerrado, highland grasslands, seasonally flooded grasslands, cerradão (forest-like cerrado), deciduous forests, gallery forests, Buriti palm stands, Amazon like-forest, Atlantic Forest influenced forest, Chaco and Chaco Forest. There is a strong link between traditional rural human populations and the environment. More than 2,800,000 inhabitants (2001) live in the biosphere reserve. Extensive cattle grazing has been practized widely over most of the lowlands and has been the major economic activity since European colonization began. Ecotourism and recreational fishing are examples of sustainable natural resource use activities that will be strengthened by the biosphere reserve designation.
  Major ecosystem type   Freshwater wetlands; dry tropical forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Cerrado sensu stricto characterized by lower ligneous layer, open canopies and dense herbaceous cover with species such as Luehea divaricata, Erythroxylum suberosum, Curatella americana, Qualea grandiflora, Q. parviflora etc.; Cerradão dominated by the same cerrado species in forest-like ecosystem with species such as Anadenanthera peregrina, Fagara hassleriana, Pouteria ramiflora etc.; dry forest/regional deciduous forest characterized by Tabebuia impetiginosa, Miracrodruon urundeuva, Apuleia molaris etc.; gallery forest with Buchenavia capitata, Tabebuia heptaphylla, Copaifera langsdorffi etc. in dryer areas and with Mauritia flexuosa and Xylopia emarginata in more humid of flooded areas; freshwater wetlands; cattle grazing areas; agroecosystems with soya beans and maize; gold and limestone extraction.
  Location   17°50'S; 56°40'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   25,156,905
  Core area(s)   664,245
  Buffer zone(s)   5,392,480
  Transition area(s) when given   19,100,180
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +80 to +1,065
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Diretoria de Ecossistemas (IBAMA) and the Executive Secretary of Environment, States of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul
  Brief description   Monitoring of hydrology and meteorology
Geological, speleological and mapping characteristics
Vertebrate fauna assessment and monitoring
Invertebrate fauna assessments
Plant-sociological parameters of shrub and arboreal communities
Plant-sociological studies of the Cerrado's tree layer
Medicinal plants
Human populations of the Pantanal
Agriculture and livestock monitoring in Brazil
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Geology, hydrology, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, speleology.
  Biodiversity   Community studies/Communities, fauna, invertebrates/insects/spiders, methodologies, natural medicinal products, plants.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, monitoring methodologies, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Mapping.

Last updated: 14/03/2005

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