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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve is located in a vast region influenced by the Negro and Solimões rivers tributaries of the Amazon River, and in the Amazon Plains-Guyana Shield transition area. It is representative of the largest forest in the world and is made up of vast protected areas as well as smaller units that are important as ecological corridors for maintaining the genetic flow of species between these different units. One of the main functions of the Biosphere Reserve will be the integration of these areas under different administrative institutions, allowing co-operation to meet common conservation objectives. The Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve includes several regions with low population density where traditional forms of natural resource use are developed (mainly extraction and traditional agriculture). Over 100,000 inhabitants (2001) live in the Biosphere Reserve, presenting a rich cultural diversity (small north-eastern farmers who are in the region for a long time indigenous people, and fishermen). The city of Manaus is the greatest industrial centre of the Amazon region, and is becoming an important tourist region. A sustainable use model for the region will be the intensification of agricultural production in areas already cleared of forest and in secondary forest areas, thus avoiding exploiting new forest areas. The primary purpose of the Biosphere Reserve is the conservation of these strategic remains of forest areas and their immense biodiversity. Another goal is the study and recognition of the local population, traditional knowledge of biodiversity.
  Major ecosystem type   Humid tropical forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Amazonian floodplain with white water rivers, lakes and floodplain forest including species such as Echinochloa polystachya, Oryza perennis, Pistia stratiotes, Eichornia sp. etc.; Igapó forest along black water rivers and lakes with Acmanthera latifolia, Acosmium sp., Agonandra sp. etc.; upland forest characterized by Aldina heterophylla, Brosimum potabile, Calophyllum angulare, Cariniana micrantha etc.; Campinarana - upland forest; Campina characterized by Annona nitida, Anthurium sp., Borreria capitata tenella, Clusia aff. columnaris etc.; 'Baixio' forest with Mauritia flexuosa, M. aculeata, Jessenia bataua, Iriartea exorrhiza etc.; agroecosystems including floodplain agriculture; river sand extraction; mining
  Location   00°44' to 06°24'S; 58°05' to 68°01'W (central point: 03°12'S; 63°12'W)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   20,859,987
  Core area(s)   4,039,149
  Buffer zone(s)   7,435,687
  Transition area(s) when given   9,385,142
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +50 to +200
  Year designated   2001
  Administrative authorities   Central Amazon Corridor Management Committee including: Amazonas State Environmental Protection Institute - IPAAM; Amazon Working Group (GTA); Brazilian National Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources - IBAMA; National Indigenous Foundation - FUNAI; Amazonian Counties Association; and Brazilian Amazon Indigenous People Commission - COIAB
  Brief description   Carbon cycle monitoring
Fauna and flora surveys and inventories
Diagnosis and sustainable development of riparian and upland communities
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Fauna, flora, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Sustainable development/Sustainable use.
  Contact address   Alexandrina Sobreira
Director of Ecosystems - IBAMA
Edifício Sede do IBAMA, SAIN - Av. L4 Norte
70800-200 Brasilia D.F.
  Telephone   (55.61) 225 3241
(55.61) 316 1163/1164
  Fax   (55.61) 225 7517

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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