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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Situated on the northern slopes of the Pirin Mountain in southwestern Bulgaria, the Doupki-Djindjiritza Biosphere reserve comprises a limestone landscape with lakes, waterfalls, caves and pine forests. It covers an area of 2858,5 hectares between 1300 and 2884 meters above sea level. The rugged mountains with some 70 glacial lakes are home to endemic and rare species, many of which are representative of the Balkan Pleistocene flora. Forests in the area are mainly coniferous and include the endemic Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce). Among the rare and endemic vascular plants are Aquilegia aurea, Gentiana lutea, Leontopodium alpinum and Papaver degenii. Threatened bird and mammal species in the area include for example brown bear (Ursus arctos), grey wolf (Canis lupus), marten (Martes martes, M. foina), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), hazel grouse (Bonasa bonasia), and three-toed woodpecker (Picoides trydactilus).
The area receives between 300,000 and 500,000 visitors annually (1992). The biosphere reserve is completely included in the Pirin National Park, which was also designated as a World Heritage site in 1983. The biosphere reserve is currently under revision.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Coniferous (Pinus peuce, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Pinus mugo) and mixed (Fagus sylvatica, Abies alba, Picea abies) forests; alpine grasslands; limestone rocky places
  Location   4148'N; 2325'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   2,873
  Core area(s)   2,873
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,300 to +2,884
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities  
  Brief description   Floristic studies
Ecological studies on chamois
Speleological investigations
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Speleology.
  Biodiversity   Autoecology/Synecology, flora, mammals.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Blagoj Klecherov
Pirin National Park Directorate
4, Bulgaria Str.
2770 Bansko
  Telephone   (359.7443) 2428
  Fax   (359.7443) 2240
  Web site  

Last updated: 13/01/2004

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