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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Wang Ying
  General Description   Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve is located in the north-east of China at the border to the People's Democratic Republic of Korea. Vegetation within the area changes with its altitude (720 to 2,691 meters above sea level), covering deciduous forest, mixed coniferous-broadleaf forest with Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), coniferous forest, dwarf-birch forest and alpine tundra. The plant species comprise European, Siberian and central Chinese species, and include 1,800 species of vascular plants. The biosphere reserve also provides habitat for the North East Asian tiger (Panthera tigris longipilis), the largest tiger subspecies in the world.
About 2,000 inhabitants live in the biosphere reserve (1997). Tourism has become a key activity. The biosphere reserve is working with local communities to diversify local economy, for instance through the cultivation of economic and medicinal plants. Several human activities infringe the biodiversity, for example tiger poaching and the collection of plants (e.g. Panax ginseng). The local population’s low income and its poor education are thought to be the main threats to biodiversity. In order to increase public awareness, a Nature museum and an Information center have been established as dissemination points for environmental education.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broad-leaf forests or woodlands; mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mixed coniferous and broadleaved forest with Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), Manchurian ash (Fraxinus mandshurica), Phellodendron amurense, Larix olgensis etc.; coniferous forest; Erman’s birch (Betula ermanii) elfin woodlands; subalpine evergreen ericaceous shrub with Vaccinium uliginosum and Lycopodium alpinum; alpine tundra; hot springs with Ophioglossum vulgatum; agroecosystems; residential areas
  Location   41°41' to 42°51'N; 127°43' to 128°16'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   196,465
  Core area(s)   139,680.5
  Buffer zone(s)   20,984.5
  Transition area(s) when given   35,800
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +720 to +2,691
  Year designated   1979
  Administrative authorities   Forest Ministry of the People’s Republic of China Forest Department of Jilin Province Changbai Mt. National Nature Protective and Administrative Bureau
  Brief description   Characteristics of ecosystem of Heavenly Lake
Varieties of water beetles in Changbai Mountain
Long term research and monitoring of temperate forests (Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN) )
Coniferous forest management
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Boreal forest, ecosystem assessment, invertebrates/insects/spiders, methodologies, temperate forest.
  Socio-economic   Tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Ding Zhihui
Changbaishan Nature Reserve Administration
Erdaobaihe - Antu County
133613 Jilin Province
  Telephone   (86.433) 571 0011
  Fax   (86.433) 571 0593

Last updated: 27/02/2008

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