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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Bogeda BR
  General Description   Bogeda Biosphere Reserve is located in the east part of the Tianshan Mountains on the southern brim of the Kurbantungut desert of the Zhunger Basin. Ranging from its highest elevation at 5,445 meters and the lowest at 460 meters above sea level, this biosphere reserve encompasses glaciers, (sub-) alpine meadows, forests, steppes, deserts, sand dunes and alluvial plains. One habitat of special interest is the mid-mountain forest which prevents floods and erosion and represents an important water reservoir for the area. The well preserved Haloxylon spp. vegetation along the southern edge of the Kurbantungut desert is an important barrier preventing the spread of the desert.
Some 4,000 people are permanent residents of the core area, 10,000 people live in the buffer zone and 120,000 people in the transition area of the biosphere reserve (2001). People are living from livestock raising, the collection of medicinal plants, tourism, coal mining and small-scale industry. Some 350,000 tourists come to the biosphere reserve each year (2001), visiting for example a shrine of Taoism at Lake Tianchi in the core area.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems /
Cold-winter (continental) deserts and semi-deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Alpine glacier snow and cushion vegetation and scope belt above 3,100 meters; alpine and sub-alpine meadows (2,000 to 2,900 m) with Kobresia capilliformis, Polygonum viviparum, Thalictrum alpinum and Potentilla gelida; mid-mountain forest-meadow landscape (1,600 to 2,700 m) characterized by Bromus inermis, Calamagrostis epigeios, Alchemilla erythropleura etc.; needle-leaf forest with Picea tianshanica; hill steppe and desertified steppe (1,100 to 1,700 m) with Stipa capillata, Festuca sulcata etc.; erosion hill micro-semifrotex desert landscape (600 to 1,000 m) dominated by Artemisia abrotanum; upper alluvial plain; alluvial plain shrub desert zone dominated by Reaumuria soongorica; low plain lingo halophyte vegetation desert zone dominated by Suaeda physophora, Kalidium caspicum, K. foliatum etc.; sand dune and depressions; agroecosystems with wheat, water melon, rape etc.; forestry systems; pasture land; coal mine
  Location   4345' to 4430'N; 8745' to 8805'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   128,690
  Core area(s)   48,690
  Buffer zone(s)   40,000
  Transition area(s) when given   40,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +450 to +5,445
  Year designated   1990
  Administrative authorities   Conservation bureau of Tianchi Nature Reserve, department of forestry of Xinjiang and Fukang government
  Brief description   Study on structure, function and optimization model of oasis ecosystems
Nutrition cycling and balance of oasis agriculture
Study on nutrition cycling and productivity in desert-oasis ecosystems
Study on water balance and relationship with productivity in desert-oasis ecosystems
Classification of irrigation water in arid and semi-arid zones
Study on the relationships between plant differentiation and movement of soil, salt and water on the edge of the oasis
Biodiversity of arid zones and its sustainable development
Long term desert ecosystem research and monitoring (Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN))
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, nutrients, soil.
  Biodiversity   Arid/Semi-arid, biodiversity, ecology, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, methodologies, modelling, natural resources, plants, productivity.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems.
  Integrated monitoring   Integrated studies/Interdisciplinaty, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Jin Fajun
Bogeda Nature Reserve Administration
41, Wuqi East Road
831500 Fukang City, Xinjiand
  Telephone   (86.994) 352 6477
  Fax   (86.994) 322 2532

Last updated: 12/12/2007

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