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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Maolan BR
  General Description   Maolan Biosphere Reserve is situated in the Guizhou Province in south-east China. The region is famous for its virgin forest that is well preserved on the karst landscape, in the middle subtropical zone of China. The main habitats include subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest, subtropical evergreen and deciduous broadleaf mixed forest, agroecosystems (with rice, rape, sweet potato and medicinal plants) and forestry ecosystems. The fauna is rich with many rare or endangered species including forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii), rhesus monkey (Macaca mulata) and the south China tiger (Panthera tigris). The landscape with its Karst springs, streams and ponds attract about 60,000 visitors per year (1994).
About 4,300 people of six ethnic origins (Shui, Buyi, Yao, Miao, Han and Zhuang) live in the biosphere reserve (1994). They are mostly making their living from agriculture and forestry.
  Major ecosystem type   Subtropical and temperate rainforests
  Major habitats & land cover types   Subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest with Sapium rotundifolium, Carpinus lipoensis and Platycarya longipes; subtropical evergreen and deciduous broadleaf mixed forest with Pseudotsuga brevifolia, Tsuga tchekiangensis and Pinus kwangtungensis; agroecosystems with rice, rape, sweet potato and medicinal plants; forestry ecosystems with Dendrocalamus tsiangii and Galla chinensis.
  Location   2509' to 2520'N; 10752' to 10805'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   21,330
  Core area(s)   8,350
  Buffer zone(s)   8,130
  Transition area(s) when given   4,850
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +430 to + 1,078
  Year designated   1996
  Administrative authorities   Ministry of Forestry and provincial Forestry Department Maolan National Nature Reserve Bureau in Guizhou
  Brief description   Karst geology research
Karst forest ecology, environment and karst function
Inventory of fishes, other vertebrates and invertebrates
Rare and precious species protection, breeding and planting
Fire history and effects
Land/water use history
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
There are plans to build an ecology observation station
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Geology.
  Biodiversity   Breeding/Reproduction, conservation, ecology, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   Resource use, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, land use/land cover, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Ran Jinchen
Maolan National Nature Reserve Bureau
Libo County
558400 Guizhou Province
  Telephone   (86 854) 361 0676
  Fax   (86 854) 361 0675

Last updated: 12/12/2007

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