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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Located in the extreme north-eastern part of China, this biosphere reserve covers 28,500 hectares in a typical hilly region known for its intact natural stands of Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis). This tree species is of world-wide interest for timber production and these forests constitute a valuable gene bank which should be protected, in spite of pressure to exploit the trees. The biodiversity is very rich, with more than 568 species of plants, 52 mammals, and more than 220 birds.
About 3,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1996). Collection of forest products, especially of Korean pine seeds, mushrooms and medicinal plants is carried out and could become a locally important economic activity. Tourism is being developed, with about 5,000 visitors per year (1996). There is a forty-year research record on climate, hydrology and the ecology of the Korean pine. Numerous institutions and universities participate in this work, including socio-economic studies on the impact of the conversion from forest exploitation to forest conservation. Educational activities are organized for schoolchildren and special efforts are made in raising environmental awareness among both inhabitants and visitors.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Steep-slope Korean pine communities with Pinus koraienses, Quercus mongolica; slope-shrub Korean pine communities with Tilia amurensis, Corylus mandschurica; slight-slope shrub-broadleaf Korean pine communities with Carex campylorhina, Hippochaete hyemalis; Fern-Picea abies-Korean pine communities in gullies with Picea koraiensis, Abies nephrolepis
  Location   4801' to 4809'N; 12839' to 12915'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   28,353
  Core area(s)   9,607
  Buffer zone(s)   8,558
  Transition area(s) when given   10,188
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +283 to +688
  Year designated   1997
  Administrative authorities   State Forestry Administration; Heilongjiang provincial government, Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Forestry under the Heilongjiang Provincial Forestry Administration
  Brief description   Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis)
Study on forest litter, bog forest succession
Study on the impact of different water uses on forest productivity
Plant diseases and insect pests
Effects of economic crisis and population change
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
Standards and indicators of sustainable development
The Fenglin Information System and Information Database are
available to promote the exchange of information between CBRN members
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Autoecology/Synecology, forest systems, pests/diseases, phytosociology/succession, productivity.
  Socio-economic   Demography, economic studies, indicators of sustainability, resource use.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Gao Xiumei
The Fenglin State Natural Reserve Management Bureau
Zhuanglin street 8 group, Wuying District
153033 Yichun City, Heilongjiang Province
  Telephone   (86.458) 3818 799

Last updated: 12/12/2007

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