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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Located in the extreme north-eastern part of the country, the Wudalianchi area is marked by relatively recent volcanism. It contains Mount Laohei and Mount Huoshaos, which are China’s youngest volcanoes. Its conservation value derives from rich plant diversity dating from the tertiary period. Due to a mix of older and more recently erupted volcanic areas, the site is an ideal place in which to study the succession of pioneer plants on barren land. Tourism plays an important role in the area, primarily based on hot water springs with mineral water and spas and the area’s natural scenery. Environment-friendly “green food” is cultivated by using organic methods and rice in particular is irrigated by mineral waters rich in trace elements that are necessary for the human body. About 56,730 people live in the biosphere reserve. Their heritage and customs are very rich and have an important cultural significance in the area. Buddhist temples, statues, frescoes, gardens and folk festivals contribute to the social and economic well-being. Wudalianchi is also a well-researched site for geology, seismology and geomorphology. The construction of an educational museum based featuring volcanism is planned.
In 2001, the co-management committee of Wudaliachi Nature Reserve & Scenery Landscape Area was established in order to strengthen protection, exploitation, utilization and management of natural and touristic resources. This body was approved by the Heihe city government, institutions and farms.
  Major ecosystem type   Manchu-Japanese Mixed Forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Coniferous-broadleaf mixed forests with Lari dahurica, Picea koyamai var koraiensis. Lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes, hygrophilous plants; aquatic eco-systems and aquatic plants; shrub, meadow, grassland; wet meadow, marsh-meadow; mixed grass meadow; forests and grassland.
  Location   126°00' and 126°26' E
48°34' and 48°48' N
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   106,000
  Core area(s)   10,614.61
  Buffer zone(s)   13,546.09
  Transition area(s) when given   81,839.30
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   248-602.2 m
  Year designated   2003
  Administrative authorities   Co-management committee of Wudalianchi Nature Reserve & Scenery Landscape Area of Heilongjiang Province
  Brief description   Water quality monitoring.
Description and study of volcanoes, assessment of volcanic geology.
Seismology monitoring (station).
Climate monitoring (meteorological station).
Identification and survey of plants.
Identification and studies on medical herbs
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geology, geomorphology, groundwater, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Natural medicinal products, plants, temperate forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano.
  Socio-economic   Archaeology/Paleontology, cultural aspects, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Li Hong Guang
Co-management Committee
No.1 Yinbin East Street, Scenery District
164500 Wudalianchi City
  Telephone   (86) 456-7222696 (86) 456-7222696
  Fax   (86) 456-7222696

Last updated: 13/12/2007

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