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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve is located in the large mountain area of Mount Velebit at the Adriatic Sea. With an altitude ranging from 0 to 1,757 meters above sea level, the area represents a 145 km long and 10-30 km wide stretch of karst landscape. The maritime slope is barren karst, whereas woodlands cover the central mountain ranges and the Lika slope. Habitat diversity is very rich, comprising pine (Pinus halepensis) woodlands, submediterranean shrub (Paliurus spina-christi, Carpinus orientalis), beech (Fagus sylvatica) woods, fir and beech woods (Abies alba), pine woods (Pinus nigra), subalpine beech woods and subalpine meadows.
About 20,000 people live within the biosphere reserve (2003). Communities on the maritime side of the biosphere reserve are oriented towards tourism, fishing, traditional agriculture and services within the Velebit Nature Park. Communities on the northern side of Velebit make their living mainly from agriculture, small enterprises, hunting and logging. . Scientists and visitors will agree that the most valuable natural landmarks of Velebit include the caves called Cerovacke pecine (southern Velebit) and a pit called Lukina jama (northern Velebit). Many smaller caves
and pits and a number of important geomorphologic objects (Kiza, Tulove grede, kuk Stapina etc.) and hydrological objects (the spring and course of the Zrmanja etc.) are also of interest. A visitors center of the Paklenica National Park welcomes tourists and provides environmental education and information on the natural history of Velebit Mountain.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Coastal forest characterized by Carpinetum orientalis, Seslerio spp. Ostrietum spp.ostryetum, Pinetum nigrae submediterraneum etc.; karst zone supporting Fagetum subalpinum, Pinetum mughi and Picetum illyricum subalpinum; inland areas with Fagetum abietosum, Picetum montanum, Fagetum montanum etc.
  Location   4415' to 4445'N; 1500' to 1545'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   200,000
  Core area(s)   21,868
  Buffer zone(s)   178,132
  Transition area(s) when given   Not defined
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +200 to +1,757
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   State Directorate for Protection of Nature and Environment
  Brief description   Climate
Black pine forest succession
Forest management
Anthropogenic effects
Mountaineers in popularization and environmental protection of Paklenica and Lukovo Sugarje in Southern Velebit, as well as in Middle and Northern Velebit
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geomorphology.
  Biodiversity   Conservation, fauna, flora, forest systems, phytosociology/succession.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, management issues.
  Contact address   Milan Krmpotic
National Park "Northern Velebit"
Krasno - ispostava Senj, Obala kralja Zvonimira 6
53270 Senj
  Telephone   (385.53) 884 551
  Fax   (385.53) 884 552
  Contact address   Svjetlana Lupret-Obradovic
National Park "Velebit mountain"
Krasno - ispostava Senj, Obala kralja Zvonimira 6
53270 Senj
  Telephone   (385.53) 884 551
  Fax   (385.53) 884 552

Last updated: 09/03/2005

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