|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Situated in South Moravia, about 35 km south of Brno and next to the Austrian and Slovak borders. The Pavlov hills consisting of limestone cliffs and steep slopes, covered with steppes, forests and grasslands, are the dominant landscape features, however a considerable part has also been transformed into arable land and vineyards. The northeastern part of the biosphere reserve is situated in the flat alluvium of the Dyje River which is now mostly converted into agricultural land with some remnants of floodplain meadows and forests. The southern and eastern parts are characterised by arable land. The largest mid-European area of hard-wood alluvial forests and continental flood-plain meadows (some 8000ha) is preserved in the triangle between the town of Bureclav, the village of Tynec and the confluence of the Morava and Dyje Rivers. The central part of the Biosphere Reserve is made up of a depression occupied by fishponds (shallow, artificial lakes). The core area is identical with zone 1 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and smaller protected areas outside this. The buffer zone consists of zone 2 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly forested areas outside. The transition area composes zones 3 and 4 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly agricultural land outside.
About 20,000 people live mostly in the transition area of the biosphere reserve (2003). They are mainly engaged in agriculture and small-scale industry. Tourism has increasingly become an alternative source of income. The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape World Heritage Site (1996) lies in the transition area. There are two Ramsar Sites in the Biosphere Reserve: Lednice fishponds (1990) and Flood Plain of the Lower Dyje River (1993).
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands, Pannonian steppes|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Calcareous cliffs and karst, dry grasslands, oak-hornbeam forests, thermophilous oak forests, scree forests, hard-wood and soft-wood, flood-plain forests, flood plain meadows and psammophilous vegetation, oak forests and scots pine plantations, fishponds and other standing water habitats, saline meadows and marshlands, vineyards and other agricultural land.|
48°37’ - 48°53’ N
16°36’ - 17°05’ E
|Transition area(s) when given||8,834|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||151-554 m|
|Year designated||1986, extension 2003|
|Administrative authorities||Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve Public Benefit Corporation (Biosfericka rezervace Dolni Morava, o.p.s.)|
Regular monitoring with permanent plots of water discharge, water level, water temperature of the Dyje River and in flood-plains
Monitoring of mesoclimate, air quality with a meteorological station.
Geological mapping of the landscape.
Vegetation studies of nonvascular and vascular flora.
Inventory and taxonomy of invertebrates, vertebrates: bats, fish species, birds…
Impacts assessment of water management on forest ecosystems : moisture regime, soils and climate changes…
Evaluation of the influence of man on environment: studies about population, agriculture, industry, transport, recreation/tourism. The study aimed at sustainable development of the area
|Abiotic||Air quality, climate, geology, geomorphology, groundwater, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants, water quality/chemistry.|
|Biodiversity||Birds, ecology, fauna, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, plants, taxonomy, temperate forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Agriculture/Production systems, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, forestry, industry, monitoring methodologies, people-nature relations/man/nature, recreation, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism.|
|Integrated monitoring||Geographic Information System/GIS, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, land use/land cover, management issues, mapping, sustainable development/sustainable use.|
Director, Biosphere Reserve Lower Morava
Narodnich hrdinu 23
690 02 Breclav
Deputy Director, Biosphere Reserve Lower Morava
Narodnich hrdinu 23
690 02 Breclav
|Last updated: 28/02/2007|