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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Czech Republic


  General Description   The Sumava Biosphere Reserve includes a substantial part of the north-east facing Bohemian Forest, a large Hercynian middle-mountain range that straddles the border between the Czech Republic, Germany and Austria. The biosphere reserve is situated adjacent to the Bayerischer Wald Biosphere Reserve in Germany. The Bohemian Forest is in the most extensive continuous forest of Central Europe. Three principal zonal vegetation units can be distinguished: belts of species-rich beech forests, acidic montane beech forests, and climax spruce forests. Forests, meadows and pastures as well as bogs are characteristic of Sumava. Within the biosphere reserve, the Šumava Peatlands were designated as a Ramsar site in 1993, including mountain raised bogs, valley bogs, waterlogged spruce forests and riparian wetlands of the River Vltava.
Tourism in the Sumava Biosphere Reserve and National Park is a main source of income for the about 24,500 inhabitants of the biosphere reserve (1989). The area was part of the tourism monitoring project in Czech national parks (1997 - 2001).
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Montane raised peat-bogs characterized by Pino rotundatae - Sphagnetum communities; natural mixed beech-spruce-fir forests dominated by Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies and Abies alba; montane climax spruce forests with communities of Picetum hercynicum; montane grasslands with Polygonum bistorta, Cirsium heterophyllum and Gentiana pannonica; forest plantations of Picea abies
  Location   49°01'N; 13°34'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   167,117
  Core area(s)   42,224
  Buffer zone(s)   68,893
  Transition area(s) when given   56,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +470 to +1,378
  Year designated   1990
  Administrative authorities   Administration of the Sumava National Park and Landscape Protected Area
  Brief description   Multidisciplinary basic and applied research
Air pollutant/acidic deposition
Climatological monitoring
Boreo-alpine insects of north and central European peatlands
Ecological monitoring
Hydrobiology of lake systems program
Genetics diversity of forest tree species
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, climate, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, biology, ecology, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, invertebrates/insects/spiders, methodologies, plants, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Interdisciplinary studies.
  Contact address   Jiri Manek
Sumava Biosphere Reserve Administration
ulice l. maje 260
385 01 Vimperk
Czech Republic
  Telephone   (42.339) 450 111
(42.339) 450 227
  Fax   (42.339) 413 019
  Web site

Last updated: 09/03/2005

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