To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

Dem.People's Rep. of Korea


  General Description   The Mt. Myohyang Biosphere Reserve covers the mountain areas of Myohyang Mountain Range and Jokyuryong Mountain Range on the left bank of River Chongchon. The Myohyang Mountains debouch from Mt. Rangrim and stretch northeastward and southwestward, sprawling on the border of South Phyongan Province and link Mt. Myohyang Piro Peak (1,909m) almost to Mt. Sobak (2014m above sea level).
The Myohyang Mountains embrace 1,500 to 1,909m mountains such as the highest Piro Peak, Chilsong Peak (1,894m), Wonman Peak (1,820m), Kangsong Peak (1,613m), Hyangro Peak - (1,600m) and Popwang Peak (1,390m). The proposed Mt. Myohyang Biosphere Reserve is enclosed by river or residential districts in east, west and south and only the north is linked with mountain range forming the ecological corridor.
The highest elevation above sea level is 1909m and the lowest is 100m.
The biosphere reserve has unique landscape with rock cliffs of granite-greiss of Cenozonic era formed by ages –old erosion, as well as perennial streams fed by waterfalls. Myohyang Mountain Range stretched along River Chongchon in one direction and another to the direction of west centering Piro Peak. The soil is dark brown forest soil formed mainly by granite and granite-greiss
It is the continental climate with clearly distinguished four seasons. A dry season and rainy one are clear. A typical monsoon blows across the mountain.There is no inhabitant living within the core area. 18,400 peoples are living in buffer zone while 73,800 in transition area.
Economic activities are mainly conducted in buffer zone and the transition area of the proposed Biosphere Reserve. Tourism is the main activity in buffer zone while the agriculture is the main economic activity in transition area. The main crops are rice, maize, vegetables and fruits. There is no ethnic group or indigenous people living in or near the proposed biosphere reserve other than Korean. Mt. Myohyang has the International Friendship Exhibition, the grand monumental edifice and the cultural heritages including Pohyon Temple, which was built in 1042.
From ancient times, Mt. Myohyang has been known as a sacred and famous mountain, which had an ancestral legend of King Tangun, the progenitor of the Korean nation and one of the eight beauty spots in Korea. The lands are managed by “the Law on land of DPRK” and state-owned. The Mt. Myohyang Nature Reserve was designated on 25 March 1959 by Cabinet Dicision No.29 and as natural park on June 17th, 2003 by Cabinet ratification no. 1063.
The conservation and management agencies are regionally connected through the local governments and carry out the orders of government authorities. The Mt. Myohyang Scenic Spot Management Unit, Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Land and Environment Protection, County People’s Committee of Hyangsan, Nyengwon, Kugang and Huichon City.
  Major ecosystem type   Forest ecosystem
  Major habitats & land cover types   Sub-alpine coniferous forest/ regional
Temperate broad leaved forest / Regional
Temperate coniferous and broad leaved mixed forest / regional
  Location   Latitude: 39° 48´ ~ 40° 10´N Longitude: 126° 00´ ~ 126° 30´ E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   74,501
  Core area(s)   9,682
  Buffer zone(s)   19,050
  Transition area(s) when given   45,769
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   Highest elevation above sea level: 1,909m Lowest elevation above sea level: 100m
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   Mt. Myohyang Scenic Spot Management Unit Forest management Units of Hyangsan County, Kujang County, Nyengwon County and Huichon City
  Brief description   The core area is set up to fully implement its conservation function on species and ecosystem with the endemic and threatened species it contains. The buffer zone around core area is established in forest ecosystems and some of agricultural regions, and is used for research, tourism and education. The transition area occupies forest, arable land and riverside areas for the purpose of sustainable development.

The study on hydrological dynamics of Mt. Myohyang are now under implementation for the prevention of flood damage.
The Mt. Myohyang area had been selected as one of the key area and included in the project titled “Study on the biodiversity in the key areas” which is one of the focal tasks of 5-year Plan for National Scientific and Technical Development (2003-2007). And based on these study results, the monitoring activities on the whole area are now underway. Study on the assessment of socio-economic value of biodiversity in Mt. Myohyang area is on-going.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air quality, air temperature, climate, contaminants, erosion, geology, geomorphology, global change, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, soil, topography.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, biotechnology, birds, breeding/reproduction, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, temperate forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, capacity building, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, economically important species, firewood cutting/harvesting, forestry, hunting, indicators, industry, livelihood measures, local participation, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, indicators, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, land tenure, land use/land cover, management issues, mapping, remote sensing, sustainable development/sustainable use, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   Ri Wui-Gu
MAB National Committee, Vice-President, State Academy of Sciences
Kinmaul1-dong, Moranbong District
Dem.People's Rep. of Korea
  Telephone   (850.2) 318111 ext. 381 88544
  Fax   (850.2) 381 4410
(850.2) 381 2100

Last updated: 11/08/2009

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO