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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Wadi Allaqui is located in Egypt’s southeastern desert, about 180 km south of Aswan on the eastern side of Lake Nasser. It is a major dry river, which drains from the Red Sea hills to the Nile Valley.
The about 1,000 non-sedentary inhabitants (2003) use the natural resources of the biosphere reserve for livestock transhumance, charcoal production, the collection of medicinal plants, quarrying and small-scale cultivation. Resource conservation has been a concept inherent in the Bedouin’s livelihood and value system over centuries. The views, aspirations and accumulated knowledge of the Bedouins are included in decision-making processes within the biosphere reserve.
Core support for the biosphere reserve is provided by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency. The principal focal point for research activities is the Unite of Environmental Studies and Development of South Valley, with a Desert Field Station and a Conservation Centre, in Wadi Allaqi, providing facilities for local and overseas researchers. Various cooperative programmes have been launched in association with several overseas universities and with support from such bodies as UNEP, UNESCO, The British Council, the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada, etc. Links with UNESCO include the UNESCO-Ecotechnie Chair on Environment and Development at South Valley University.
Through these various collaborative initiatives at national, bilateral and international levels, research and training activities cover a wide range of issues related to arid zone ecology and resource use. Recent and ongoing research projects include work on fuel wood energy and conservation, indigenous medicinal plants, the cultivation of Balanites aegyptiaca for oil production, the natural history of the Wadi Allaqi, and water use and salt recycling of Tamarix sp.
  Major ecosystem type   Warm deserts and semi-deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Downstream wadi system vegetation (frequently flooded) with extensive shrub groves of Tamarix sp., Heliotropium supinum and Glinus lotoides; vegetation above flood area dominated by xerophylic species such as Salsola baryosma and Acacia ehrenbergiana; upstream wadi system vegetation dominated by Balanites aegyptiaca, Salvadora persica, Acacia raddiana and A. tortilis; agroecosystems with vegetables, cereals and fodder crops
  Location   20°20' to 22°10'N; 32°40' to 33°40'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   2,380,000
  Core area(s)   63,850
  Buffer zone(s)   131,950
  Transition area(s) when given   2,184,200
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +165 to +1,500
  Year designated   1993
  Administrative authorities   Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)
  Brief description   Agricultural research, soil studies, traditional land-use systems
Social sciences studies, cultural anthropology
Inventory of flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species
Biogeochemical cycles/energy flow/productivity
Comparative ecological research and succession, ecosystem modelling
Forest research/tree planting
Monitoring of natural recourses
Watershed research, hydrological cycle, limnology, hydrobiology
Mapping of the different biosphere reserve zones
Methodology is developed for monitoring and research of human geography
Indicators of sustainability relevant to economic activities:
The involvement of local people in management and all activities conducted in the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, fauna, flora, forest systems, genetic resources, methodologies, modelling, natural resources, phytosociology/succession, plants, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, anthropological studies/anthropology, indicators of sustainability, local participation, monitoring methodologies, social/socio-economic aspects, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, land use/land cover, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   A. E. Belal
Wadi Allaqi Research Project
The University of Faculty of Science
  Telephone   (20.97) 480 446
(20.97) 480 447
  Contact address   Irena Springuel
Wadi Allaqi Research Project
Unit of Environmental Studies and Development (UESD), South Valley University
81528 Aswan
  Telephone   (20.97) 481 550
(20.97) 480 447
  Fax   (20.97) 480 448

Last updated: 25/03/2005

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