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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Kafa Biosphere Reserve is located in the Kafa Zone of Ethiopia approximately 460 km
southwest of Addis Abba. The Bonga National Forest Priority Area (NFPA) partly forms the
southern boundary of the Biosphere Reserve, whilst the eastern boundary follows the Adiyo
Woreda with the Gojeb River and Gewata-Yeba (Boginda) NFPA forming the northern boundary.
The Saylem Woreda forms the northern part of the Biosphere Reserve and the western boundary
constitutes the Gesha NFPA. The Kafa Zone contains more than 50% of the remaining montane
forests in Ethiopia and it is the centre of origin and genetic diversity of wild Coffea arabica.
The Biosphere Reserve includes the East Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot and other endemic
agricultural crops such as Ensete ventricosum and Eragrostis tef, and a cultural and linguistic
identity quite distinct from the rest of Africa. Furthermore, it includes a unique coffee culture that is
deeply engrained in the Ethiopian economy and history. The area includes an array of rural
settlements, traditional land-use patterns and sites of cultural and natural significance, which are
home to approximately 608 227 people.
Main economic activities in the area are dominated by agriculture that contributes approximately
41% to the GDP, 80% of exports and 80% of the labour force. Other sectors include services and
tourism, manufacturing and trade. Agriculture forms the backbone of the economy with most of the
other sectors (i.e. trade and tourism) being dependent on its strong backward and forward
The key management focal areas of the Biosphere Reserve include:
• coordination of conservation initiatives with the focus on the protection of the endemic and
global important genetic resources of Coffea arabica and its associated ecosystems;
• provision of a sustained flow of high-quality water to adjoining regions; and the
• promotion of sustainable development in order to alleviate poverty and inequality.
Core Area – 11 Protected Forests which have statutory conservation
status and are managed by the SNNP Regional State.
Buffer Area – Include a number of National Forest Priority Areas such
as Bonga NFPA.
Transition Areas – A variety of land uses predominantly in ownership of
the State. These predominant uses in such areas include subsistence
and some commercial agriculture.
  Major ecosystem type   Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot incorporating one of the
world’s only remaining intact Afromontane Evergreen Forest Ecosystem
within which the endemic and critically endangered Coffea arabica
grows wild.
  Major habitats & land cover types   Unique wild coffee forests including rare wetland habitats and
vegetation types of Combretum-Terminalia bushlands and thickets,
Sub-Afroalpine Habitat Type, Evergreen Mountain Forest and
Grassland Complex, Moist Evergreen Montane Forest Habitat Type,
and Auqatic Habitat.
Diversity of topographic features including a key portion of the Shonga
Mountains, with the main features being the Sami Ridge, Kukum Chego
Ridge and the Koma and Saja Summit. Ecological corridors of
immense importance include the Gojeb River System, Alemgono
Wetland System and the Gojeb-Gewata Wetland System.
  Location   35° 29’ 50.55” to 36° 47’ 33.78” East; 35°48’ 50.57” to 35°44’ 34.30”
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   760,144
  Core area(s)   41 391.1
  Buffer zone(s)   161 427
  Transition area(s) when given   337 885
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   500 m to 3 300 m.
  Year designated   2010
  Administrative authorities   Kafa Zone Administration, in association with: • Chena Woreda • Decha Woreda • Gimbo Woreda • Gewata Woreda • Adiyo Woreda • Bita Woreda • Bonga Town Administration
  Brief description   On-going research on the conservation and genetic resources of wild Coffea arabica by the
• The Ethiopian Wetlands and Natural Resources Association (EWNRA) does monitoring and
research programs on the sustainable utilisation of wetlands and associated natural
resources in Ethiopia in order to contribute to human development and the stability of the
natural environment for the present and future generations.
• Monitoring and on-going research on forest landscape sustainability and improved livelihoods
through non-timber forest product development and payment for environmental services –
NTFP-PFM Research and Development Project.
• The Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research is conducting research on Vegetation
structure and population dynamics (Project component I), Land cover change (Project
component II), Phenology, Seed Testing and Propagation (Project component III), Socioeconomics
values of forests (Project component IV), Valuation of various forests and forest
μands (Project component V),Characterization of forest soil conditions (Project component
VI), Forest growth and rainfall variability (Project component VII), Carbon stock in forests and
soils (Project component VIII), Pests and diseases of forests (Project component IX),
Ddeveloping management plan for sustainable forest resource utilization and environmental
protection (Project component X). Additionally research on Agroforestry and soil
management is planned to be conducted by SNNP Institute of Agricultural Research.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air quality, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, global change, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, physical oceanography/oceans, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, beach/soft bottom, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, biotechnology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, coral reefs, degraded areas, desertification, dune systems, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, evapotranspiration, evolutionary studies/palaeoecology/evolution, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, genetically modified organisms/gmo, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lagoon systems, mammals, mangrove, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plankton, plants, pollination, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, sub-tropical and temperate rainforest/sub-tropical forest, taxonomy, temperate forest, temperate grassland, tropical dry forest, tropical grassland and savanna systems, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, aquaculture/mariculture, archaeology/paleontology, bioprospecting, capacity building, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, firewood cutting/harvesting, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indicators, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, mining, modelling, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address    National Biosphere Reserve Advisor
GTZ-SLM/PPP Coffee Project
PO Box 12631
 Addis Ababa
  Telephone   +251 11 5548960 / 61 / 62-65
  Fax   +251(0)11-5540767
  Web site

Last updated: 18/06/2010

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