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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Germany’s largest pond region is represented by this biosphere reserve. It extends approximately from Kamenz in the West to the Neisse River in the East. The biosphere reserve is characterized by a vast diversity of habitats varying extremely in a small area. For instance, ponds are located right next to sandy dunes. In addition, the transition from Atlantic to continental climate in this area explains the rich species diversity.
The Sorbs, Slavic settlers who immigrated in the 6th century to this region, still maintain their traditional customs and language today. Approximately 10,000 people live in the area (1996). The aim of this biosphere reserve is to maintain its unique man-made landscape by using it sustainable for agriculture, forestry, fishery, tourism, industry and settlements. Several research and education programmes are in place.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Inundated plains characterized by Alnus glutinosa, Ulmus laevis, and Picea abies; small lakes dominated by Phragmites australis, Ranunculus aquatilis, Nymphaea alba and Iris pseudacorus; marshlands with Drosera intermedia, Oxycoccus palustris and Andromeda polifolia; flood meadows with Lychnis flos-cuculi, Menyanthes trifoliata and Dactylorhiza majalis; heathland and sand dunes with Corynephorus canescens, Calluna vulgaris and Digitaria ischaemum; Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests, inhabited zones with Armeria maritima; agroecosystems
  Location   51°14' to 51°22'N; 14°18' to 14°45'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   30,102
  Core area(s)   1,124
  Buffer zone(s)   12,015
  Transition area(s) when given   16,963
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +116 to +176
  Year designated   1996
  Administrative authorities   Special Biosphere Reserve authority with links to the various environmental authorities of the Land of Saxony, and the municipalities
  Brief description   Monitoring of chemical quality of rain-water
Air pollution, soils, climate
Breeding birds monitoring
Biotope mapping, species inventoring, ecological correlation
Effects of fishing, agriculture, forestry on ecosystem
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
In situ conservation of old cereal species, conservation of wild plants like Arnoseris minima, Scleranthus annuus and Anthoxanthum aristatum
Indicators of sustainability relevant to economic activities (test phase): biotic: disturbance, landscape-cutting, death of species
abiotic: water pollution, soil erosion, influence of air pollution etc.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, climate, erosion, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants, soil.
  Biodiversity   Birds, breeding/reproduction, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, genetic resources, methodologies, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, plants, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, fishery/fisheries, forestry, indicators of sustainability.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, landscape inventorying/monitoring, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Peter Heyne
Biosphärenreservat Oberlausitzer Heide-und Teichlandschaft
D-02694 Guttau OT Wartha
  Telephone   (49) 035932/3650
  Fax   (49) 035932/36550
  Web site

Last updated: 28/02/2007

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