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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Situated in the province of West Java in the south of Jakarta, Cibodas Biosphere Reserve is an example of an ecosystem in the humid tropics undergoing strong human pressure. The Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park constitutes the core area of the biosphere reserve. It includes two twinned volcanoes and mountainous rain forests with many Javan endemic species. The buffer zone comprises for a large part production forest, tea plantations and horticulture fields. Rice irrigation fields and human settlements mostly cover the transition area.
The impact of various human activities on the core area is growing due to tourism development and increasing population density in the surrounding areas. Shortage of fuelwood and income force local people to collect wood and non-timber forest products in the core area. The biosphere reserve fulfils its education function in providing a series of guidebooks and interpretation materials for visitors, including a guide to the well-used path in the forest with information on ‘things to look for’ at 27 marker stones. Cibodas is also taking part in a programme on the conservation of plants and environmental education for school children, for instance using its botanical garden for outdoor training. The biosphere reserve is also an important site for research, which for example has been carried out on biological resources, fuelwood demand and the use of GIS in resource management.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Lowland rainforest; montane/sub-montane rainforest characterized by Podocarpus spp., laurels (Litsea spp.), oaks (Lithocarpus spp. and Quercus spp.), chestnut (Castanopsis spp.) and Schima wallichii; sub-alpine or elfin forest with Ranunculus spp., Viola spp., Vaccinium spp. etc.; grass plains dominated by Javan edelweiss (Anaphalis javanica) and with gentian (Gentiana quadrifaria), terrestrial orchid (Thelymitra javanica) and bramble (Rubus lineatus); agroecosystems with vegetables, flowers, tea etc.
  Location   06°40' to 06°50S'; 106°51' to 107°02'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   57,532
  Core area(s)   15,196
  Buffer zone(s)   42,336
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +700 to +3,015
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Mount Gede-Mount Pangrango (Cibodas) National Park - Ministry of Forestry
  Brief description   Plant taxonomy
Economical use of plants
Forest ecology
Mapping with Visiotech program
Conservation education
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, forest systems, taxonomy.
  Socio-economic   Economically important species.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, mapping.
  Contact address   Novianto Bambang Wawandono
Head, Gunung Gde-Pangrango National Park, Directorate General of Forest Protetion and Nature Conservation (PHKA)
Ministry of Forestry, Jl. Raya Cibodas - PO Box 3, Sindanglaya
43253 Cipanas - Cianjur - West Java
  Telephone   (62.263) 512 776
  Fax   (62.263) 519 415

Last updated: 18/09/2007

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