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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Banjar Yulianto Laban
  General Description   Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve and National Park comprises one of the largest remaining mountainous rain forests of Sulawesi. It is of high importance from a biodiversity, cultural as well as archaeological point of view. Approximately 90% of the area is montane forest above 1,000 meters altitude, representing most of Sulawesis’ unique mountain flora and fauna. The valleys of Lore-Besoa, Napu and Bada contain perhaps the finest group of megalithic stone relics in Indonesia, although all but a few lie outside the biosphere reserve boundary.
The area is currently threatened by encroachment by population pressure and largely uncontrolled extraction of forest resources. Among the goals of the biosphere reserve are the development of sustainable ways to use natural resources, to develop nature and culture-based tourism as an alternative source of income and to increase the local support and participation in management issues. In the search for economic diversification, a project was carried out to test the potential of butterfly farming, bee-keeping and water-rafting for income generation.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems with complex zonation
  Major habitats & land cover types   Low land tropical rain forest with 'Pawa' (Mussaendopsis beccariana), 'Tahiti' (Dysoxylum sp.), 'Nunu' (Ficus sp), 'Ngkera dan Lawedaru' (Myristica spp), 'Mpora dan Mpire' (Caryota spp), 'Saguer' (Arenga pinnata), 'Take' (Arenga sp), 'Uru nanto' (Elmerilia ovalis), 'Ndolia' (Canangium odoratum), 'Tea here' (Artocarpus elasticus), 'Tea uru' (A. teijmannii), 'Durian' (Durio zibethinus), 'Wara dilameo' (P. hirsuta), and 'Bambu pemanjat' (Dinochloa scandens); montaneous tropical rain forest including 'Kaha' (Castanopsis argentea), Lithocarpus spp; 'Leda' (Eucalyptus deglupta), Agathis philippinensis, Podocarpus neriifolia, P. imbricatus, etc.; sub-montaneous tropical rain forest with 'Uru' (Megniliaceae), 'Uru Ranto' (Elmerrillia ovalis), 'Uru Tomu' (Elmerrillia sp), Elmerrilia celebica, Manglietia glauca, Talauma liliiflora,
etc.; sub-alpine forest with Leptospermum, Rapanea, Myrsine, Phyllocladus hypophyllus, Eugenia sp., 'Paku Pohon' (Alsophylla sp.), and 'Palem' (Pinanga sp); savannahs; marshes; swamp forests; cloud forest; grasslands
  Location   01°15' to 01°30'S; 119°50' to 120°20'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   217,982
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +200 to +2,610
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Lore Lindu National Park Office
  Brief description   Biological inventories for enhancing local civic virtue (bio-prospecting), eco-tourism and catchment area prospect applicated management (microhydroelectricity, irrigation, freshwater supply etc.)
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biology.
  Socio-economic   Bioprospecting, energy production systems/alternative energy, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   Agus Priambudi
Head, Lore Lindu National Park, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHKA)
Ministry of Forestry, Jln. Porf. Moh. Yamin No.53
94111 Palu - Central Sulawesi
  Telephone   (62.0451) 457623
  Fax   (62.0451) 457623

Last updated: 18/09/2007

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