To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve and national park covers a vast area of tropical rain forest in northern Sumatra with a range of ecosystems: lowland evergreen dipterocarp forest, lower and upper montane rain forest, peat swamp forest, forest over limestone, sub-alpine meadows and heathlands, freshwater lakes and rivers, and sulphur mineral pools. The megafauna in the biosphere reserve includes Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris) and Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).
Many different ethnic groups live in and around Gunung Leuser (e.g. Pakpak, Koro, Melayli, Alas), using natural resources such as wood, damar, rattan and fish for income. Local people also benefit from the rapidly developing ecotourism with activities such as wildlife viewing, jungle trekking, river rafting, caving and horseback tours. Problems that the biosphere reserve faces today include the extensive forest fires that affected many parts of Sumatra in 1997-98, logging and habitat disturbance. In the buffer zone, the conversion of mixed forest into tree and crop plantations is a major trend in land use.
Research has been undertaken in the area since 1937. Present ongoing research focuses on monitoring of climate, biodiversity, rivers and springs, behaviour and ecology of primates and on land use and environmental perceptions of local people.
A seven-year partnership project has been set up between the government of Indonesia and the European Union in 1995 in conserving the Leuser ecosystem area about 2,5 million hectares of tropical rain forest which also covers the biosphere reserve area. The Indonesian government adopted a new mode of conservation management by giving a 30 years conservation concession to a non-profit making and non-governmental organisation, the Leuser International Foundation (LIF).
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems with complex zonation
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   0255' to 0405'N; 9655' to 9830'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   792,675
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +3,466
  Year designated   1981
  Administrative authorities   Mount Leuser National Park
  Brief description  
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    Wiratno
Head Gunung Leuser National Park, Director General of Forest Protecion and Nature Conservation (PHKA)
Ministry of Forestry, Jl Raya Blangkejeren Km.3 No.37, Tanah Merah, PO. Box 16
24601 Kutacane, Southeast Aceh
  Telephone   (62.629) 213 58
  Fax   (62.629) 210 16

Last updated: 18/09/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO