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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Arjan Biosphere Reserve is situated in the Zagros Mountains which belong to the Caucaus-Iranian Highlands. Both terrestrial and water habitats are represented in the biosphere reserve. Due to big elevation differences in the area, many different plant communities occur, such as halophytic vegetation around Lake Parishan and xerophilous forests in the mountains.
In 2000, 54,400 people lived in villages whereas 5,500 people lived as nomads. Although the inhabitants of the biosphere reserve belong to different families (Persian, Turkish and Lor), they all have the same religion (Islam, Shiite). They earn their livelihood mainly by agriculture, animal husbandry, carpet sewing and, in the transition area, also in industry.
Main problems of the biosphere reserve stem from land use changes for agricultural use, groundwater depletion, overgrazing and illegal hunting and fishing. Therefore, raising public awareness and the revision of license rights is a main task in the Arjan Biosphere Reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Area around lake with Salsola spp., Kochia spp., Camphorosma spp. and Halocnemum spp.; forest remnants with Quercus persica; dry forest characterized by Quercus spp., Amygdalus spp., Crataegus spp., Prunus spp. etc.; steppe; freshwater marsh with Phragmites spp., Typha spp. and Juncus spp.
  Location   2928' to 2943'N; 5155' to 5205'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   52,800
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +853 to +3,041
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment
  Brief description   Monitoring of bird populations
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Birds, methodologies, population genetics/population dynamics.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Department of the Environment
P.O. Box 15875-5181
  Telephone   (98.21) 826 99 14
  Fax   (98.21) 826 99 14

Last updated: 18/01/2001

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