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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Golestan Biosphere Reserve is located in the northern part of Iran at the border to Turkmenistan. It belongs to the Caucaso-Iranian highlands and is situated in-between the sub-humid and semi-arid Caspian regions. The biosphere reserve represents three biomes: temperate rain forest, cold (continental) winter and semi-deserts and mixed mountain and highland systems. A vast variety of habitats can be found, such as closed forests, open woodlands and shrubs, mountain meadows, steppes, halophytic, hygrophilous and aquatic communities. Golestan is also designated as a national park.
Golestan offers a great ethnic diversity. The 26,000 inhabitants (2000) of the biosphere reserve are Turk, Persian and Kurdish. Their main activities consist in agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture, industry, silk production and tourism. Adverse effects on the transition area come from traffic, overgrazing of rangelands and deforestation.
In the biosphere reserve, a nature museum and a research station have been put in place.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Temperate rainforest with chestnut-leaved oak (Quercus castanaefolia), persian ironwood (Parrotia persica), hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), Zelkova crenata etc.; scrub habitats; steppe with Artemisia spp., Astragalus spp., Acantholimon spp. etc.
  Location   3716' to 3731'N; 5544' to 5617'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   91,875
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +380 to +2,410
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment
  Brief description   Monitoring of wildlife
Research on flora
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Flora, methodologies, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Department of the Environment
P.O. Box 15875-5181
  Telephone   (98.21) 826 99 14
  Fax   (98.21) 826 99 14

Last updated: 28/02/2000

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