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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Kavir Biosphere Reserve is located – together with the Touran biosphere reserve - in the Anatolian Iranian Desert. The Kavir plain mainly covers flood plains and low mountain ranges. Apart from arid and semi-arid desert vegetation, steppe communities, salted and sandy lands are characteristical for the biosphere reserve.
Including nomads, there are about 35,000 people living in the biosphere reserve (2002) belonging to different tribes. Seasonal grazing by nomads’ livestock takes place in the core area. Due to the unfavorable climate conditions, there are no economic activities in the buffer zone, however grazing, agriculture, horticulture and handicrafts are important sources of income in the transition area.
  Major ecosystem type   Cold-winter deserts and semi-deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Desert with genera such as Artemisia, Astragalus, Pteropyrum, Zygophyllum and Amygdalus; desert with lighter soil dominated by Haloxylon ammodendron and Aristida spp.; desert with saline soils dominated by Alhagi spp., Suaeda spp., Seidlitzia spp. and Tamarix spp.
  Location   34°17' to 35°12'N; 51°25' to 53°04'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   420,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +609 to +2,015
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment
  Brief description   Kavir National Park Integrated Management Plan
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues.
  Contact address    
Department of the Environment
P.O. Box 15875-5181
  Telephone   (98.21) 826 99 14
  Fax   (98.21) 826 99 14

Last updated: 28/02/2000

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