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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Located in the Anatolian Iran deserts, the Touran Biosphere Reserve represents well the vegetation of arid and semi-arid deserts. It comprises salt, gypsum, mountainous, stone and sandy habitats and covers both clay lowlands and mountains with an altitude of more than 2,200 meters above sea level.
About 10,700 people live in the biosphere reserve (2000), depending mostly on agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture and carpet sewing. Major human impacts on the ecosystem arise from overgrazing especially by camels, illegal hunting and fuel wood harvesting.
  Major ecosystem type   Cold-winter deserts and semi-deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Desert plains with Zygophyllum spp., Artemisia spp., Astragalus spp., Haloxylon spp. etc.; salt pan lake; limestone outcrops; pasture lands
  Location   3500' to 3622'N; 5500' to 5702'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,470,640
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +600 to +2,281
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment
  Brief description   Ethnological studies
Impact of grazing by domestic livestock
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   Livestock and related impacts/Overgrazing, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Department of the Environment
P.O. Box 15875-5181
  Telephone   (98.21) 826 99 14
  Fax   (98.21) 826 99 14

Last updated: 28/02/2000

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