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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Madagascar

MANANARA-NORD

 
       
  General Description   The Mananara-Nord Biosphere Reserve is located on the north-east coast of the island and covers an area of 140,000 hectares. Madagascar has an extremely rich biodiversity with more than 85 percent of its species being endemic. That is why the conservation of its natural environment is considered not only a national but an international priority. The ecosystems in the biosphere reserve are very diverse and include tropical humid forest, sandy coastal plains with littoral vegetation, river vegetation, mangrove formations, marshlands, and coral reefs.
The biosphere reserve has gained international recognition as a pilot project that merges nature conservation, buffer zone development and participation of local communities in management activities. Approximately 47,000 inhabitants live in the area (1995). Participatory research has been carried out to identify the needs of local people (increased rice production and yields, diversification into small-scale stock rearing, improved health care aimed at decreasing mortality from malaria, diarrhea diseases and bilharzia, and financial support for education). In the light of these identified needs, the project operations have targeted native villages of tavystes (highland rice cultivators) and fishermen around the national parks, with operations in sectors such as agriculture, rural infrastructure, health, education, fishing, animal husbandry, women's organizations, research, conservation and adventure tourism.
A special effort has been made to reduce forest clearance linked to the shifting cultivation method of growing rice. With the co-operation of local farmers, a series of small dams and waterworks were constructed to irrigate intensively managed rice fields. Since rice yields doubled, this system directly benefited 465 families and contributed to forest conservation. The University of Tananarive provides the main scientific backing for the work at Mananara-Nord.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical humid forests including marine/coastal component
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tropical humid forest including sandy coastal plains with littoral vegetation such as Terminalia catappa, Calophyllum sp., Canarium sp. and Heritiera sp., and on lateritic soils species such as Weinmania spp., Tambourissa spp., Diospyros spp. etc.; mangrove formations dominated by Rhizophora mucronata and Avicennia marina; marshlands; around river courses species such as Aponogeton spp. and Hydrostachis spp.; coral reefs
  Location   16°09' to 16°36'S; 49°31' to 49°53'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   140,000
  Core area(s)   24,000 (of which marine: 1,000)
  Buffer zone(s)   15,000
  Transition area(s) when given   101,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -50 to +570
  Year designated   1990
  Administrative authorities   Mananara Nord Biosphere Reserve Association Nationale pour la Gestion des Aires Protégées (A.N.G.A.P)
 
  Brief description   Marine and terrestrial biodiversity
Biological inventories
Vegetation studies including ecological succession and regeneration
Rehabilitation of degraded areas
Multiple resource use and land use planning
Impact of local communities on national terrestrial and marine parks
Mapping of the different biosphere reserve zones
Socio-economic studies
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, biology, coastal/marine, degraded areas, ecology, phytosociology/succession, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Resource use, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, land use/land cover, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
 
  Contact address   Lylia Réne de Roland
Projet Biosphere Mananara-Nord
ANGAP Ambatobe, BP1424
101 ANTANANARIVO
Madagascar
  Telephone  
  Fax  
  E-mail   pnmnr@wanadoo.mg
 
 
   


Last updated: 6/5/2003

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