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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Located on the north-west coast of Madagascar, this biosphere reserve contributes to the conservation of three specific habitats: dry semi-deciduous forest, mangrove forest and coral reefs. The forest is one of the few remaining patches of dry littoral forest on the west coast of Madagascar. About 42% of the species are endemic here. The mangrove forests are made up of eight different species. Local people use the area for fishing crab and shrimp. Conservation of coral reefs is necessary for the sustainable development of the area and its population.
The region is underdeveloped and poor, which increases the tendency of local people to over-utilise natural resources. In 2001, about 7,000 people lived in the biosphere reserve. Local development is hampered by malnutrition, sanitary problems, illiteracy, immigration, low incomes, over-exploitation of marine resources, etc. The biosphere reserve brings a unique opportunity to promote sustainable management of woody vegetation and marine resources, to improve the agricultural production with priority to self-sufficiency, and to reinforce organisational arrangements, thus favouring local development.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical grasslands and savannas including marine component
  Major habitats & land cover types   Littoral forests with dry forests including Protorhus sp., Mascarenhasia sp., Brachylaena spp. etc. and with riparian forests including Canarium sp., Terminalia sp., Intsia sp. etc.; mangrove forests including Avicennia marina, Sonneratia alba, Rhizophora mucronata, Ceriops tagal etc.; coral reefs; exposed hills, agroecosystems and settlement areas; agroforestry systems
  Location   13°52' to 14°27'S; 47°38' to 47°46'E
14°10’S; 47°42’E (central point)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   153,302
  Core area(s)   12,402 (of which marine: 4,183)
  Buffer zone(s)   40,900 (of which marine: 28,000)
  Transition area(s) when given   100,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -200 to +405
  Year designated   2001
  Administrative authorities   Ministère de l' Environnement ANGAP Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
  Brief description   Meteorological measurements
Monitoring of regional shrimp fishing
Study of alternatives for sustainable management of natural resources
Feasibility study of afforestation activities
Feasibility study of agricultural irrigation
Study of solutions for controling destroying insects of agriculture
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Meteorology.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, natural resources, pests/diseases.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, fishery/fisheries, monitoring methodologies.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Baptiste Noël Randrianandianina
Association Nationale pour la Gestion ds Aires Protégées (ANGAP)
BP 1424, Ambatobe
  Telephone   (261.20) 22 415 54
  Contact address   Matthew Hatchwell
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
B.P. 8500
  Telephone   (261.20) 22 411 74

Last updated: 05/10/2001

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