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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Cumbres de Monterrey National Park is located in Sierra Madre Oriental, in the province of the Sierra Madre Oriental and the sub-provinces of the Grand Sierra Plegada. The main types of ecosystems are coniferous forests, forests of oaks and scrub. It is considered a priority region and an important area for bird conservation because of its vicinity to El Taray reserve (a parrot reserve in the mountains in the east). It is important for the production of ecosystem services, providing approximately 50% of water consumed in Monterrey and its metropolitan area.
32 towns are located in the biosphere reserves with the total population around 2000 people. The park has been zoned according to the priority of conservation of ecosystems and land use, including space for the development of the traditional activities of local residents.
  Major ecosystem type   Coniferous forests
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   99º55’22.8’’ and 100º45’ 25.2’’ Longitud W and 25º01’19.2’’ and 25º41’34.8’’ Latitud N
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   177,395
  Core area(s)   84,192.5
  Buffer zone(s)   93,203.45
  Transition area(s) when given   194,800.34
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   600 to 3,400
  Year designated   2006
  Administrative authorities   Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas Conanp/Semarnat. Director Región Noreste de Conanp, Julio Carrera López. Director del Parque Nacional y Reserva Propuesta: Fernando Seriñá Garza
  Brief description   Long term monitoring of the maroon-fronted parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi).
Monitoring of land-use change, periodic monitoring of heat points as well as climatic conditions for the prevention and control of forest fires
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, contaminants, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, habitat, hydrology, indicators, monitoring/methodologies, speleology, topography.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, biodiversity, biology, biotechnology, birds, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, flora, forest systems, fungi, mammals, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural resources, pests/diseases, phenology, plankton, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, capacity building, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, economically important species, human migration/population exodus, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, environmental change, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, infrastructure, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Fernando Seriñá Garza
Palacio Federal, Planta Baja. Juárez y Corregidora No. 500. Col. Centro,
 Guadalupe, Nuevo León
  Web site

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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